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Valmiki Chuhra (Hindu traditions) in India

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Valmiki Chuhra (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
701,000 Punjabi, Eastern Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Valmiki Chuhra (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The Valmiki Chuhra are a Dalit group who live in India primarily in the Punjab state. The traditional occupation of the Valmiki is street sweeping and removing excrement from villages and cities. Since both jobs are considered degrading by other Hindus the Valmiki are outside of the caste system. The main languages of the Valmiki are Eastern Punjab and Hindi. Complete Bibles are available in both languages. The Valmiki are a mostly oral culture so the gospel will have to be shared with them in an audio and visual form.

What are their lives like?
The Valmiki face many obstacles because of their Dalit label. Their children are often denied entrance to schools. The Valmiki frequently are not allowed into Hindu temples to worship their Hindu gods. The Indian government is trying to help Dalit groups by granting them special places in universities and government jobs as a Scheduled Caste. Even if a Valmiki gets an education, he or she be discriminated against at the workplace. The Valmiki continue to work jobs that most Hindu peoples would find beneath them. They clean sewer pipes, collect dead bodies, dig graves and sweep streets. During colonial times many Valmiki left Hinduism and became Sikhs, Muslims and Christians hoping for a better life outside of Hinduism. Valmiki marry within their group. Most other Hindu groups would forbid their children from marrying a Dalit person. Marriage to one spouse is the norm. Sons inherit any property that their father has.

What are their beliefs?
The Valmiki practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Their Hinduism of the Valmiki is mixed with animism and folk religion. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Valmiki visit their Hindu shrines and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hope of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods like Christians do with their heavenly Father. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The main yearly holidays of the Valmiki people are Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday. The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories. Dalits like the Valmiki and tribal peoples are outside of the caste system.

What are their needs?
The Valmiki need education for their children. They need to be treated fairly by Indian government and peoples so they can escape their Dalit designation and live a decent life. Most of all, the Valmiki need the hope that only Jesus can bring. He alone can forgive their sins and grant them eternal life.

Prayer Points
Pray that Indian believers are willing to love this Dalit community and share the good news with them. Pray that the Lord opens the spiritual eyes of Valmiki leaders so they see the light of the gospel of Jesus Christ. Ask the Lord to raise up a Disciple Making Movement among the Valmiki of India in this decade. Pray that Valmiki adults and children learn how to read so they can read the Bible for themselves.


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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:701,000
Largest States:
Delhi (696,000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Valmiki Chuhra (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Valmiki Chuhra (Hindu traditions)
ROP3 Code: 118606
Joshua Project People ID: 21820
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 701,000
Population all Countries: 701,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Dalit - Valmiki
People Name General: Valmiki Chuhra (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Punjabi, Eastern (416,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pan    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (147,000)Haryanvi (27,000)
Marwari (500)
Total Languages: 4
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism100.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1818-1954
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1959-2021
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, complete Bible
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsRecorded oral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Punjabi, Eastern
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterDownload scripture in this language
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Punjabi, Eastern
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Valmiki Chuhra (Hindu traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Dalit - Valmiki     Asia, South    
      Valmiki Chuhra (Hindu traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Valmiki Chuhra (Hindu traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Punjabi, Eastern  
    All Religions                              

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