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Pashtun Bangash in Pakistan

Pashtun Bangash

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Pashtun Bangash in Pakistan map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
385,000 Pashto, Northern Islam 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Pashtun Bangash in Pakistan

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Introduction / History
The Bangash people are one of the 30 major tribes that make up the Pashtun. The Pashtun are the largest tribal people in the world, with over 50 million members. Most Bangash live northwestern Pakistan near the city of Peshawar and the Afghan border. Smaller groups live across northern India. The Pashtun ruled Afghanistan from 1747 until 1973 and are the dominant people in that country.

Like all Pashtun, the Bangash live and die based on their honor code. One's public reputation is paramount to a Pashtun. All one's decisions should avoid shaming one's family and tribe. Such a collectivistic mentality is difficult for a person from the West to comprehend.

Many Pashtuns have left their traditional homeland of Pakistan and Afghanistan and moved to areas where they are a minority, such as northern India, the Persian Gulf and the West. Due to the poverty and unrest in their homeland, many men leave and seek employment. They send much of their earnings home to support their families. A husband and father may spend only a few weeks a year with his family.

The primary language of the Bangash is Northern Pashto. Many Bangash men can speak Urdu, the national language of Pakistan. A complete Bible became available in Northern Pashto in 2019. The Bangash are primarily an oral culture with only a minority of people being able to read and write. There are few, if any, Bangash followers of Christ.

What are their lives like?
The traditional occupations of the Bangash involve agriculture and animal husbandry. They grow barley, wheat and millet along with seasonal fruit and vegetables. They raise goats, sheep and cattle for their hides, meat and milk products. Bangash trade surplus grain and animals for things they cannot make themselves such as cell phones, radios, appliances and weapons. Many Bangash now live in urban areas where they work as drivers, security guards and in the construction and retail businesses.

Men and women have clearly defined roles in Bangash society. Men work, fight and provide for their families. Women work in the home and take care of her children. A woman must submit to her father, husband and brothers. In cities, women are becoming more educated and working outside the home.

All Pashtun men must be a warrior. Any affront to one's family or tribe must be avenged. As a result, blood feuds sometimes last for decades.

What are their beliefs?
The Bangash are evenly divided between Sunnis and Shias, the two main branches of Islam. These two Muslim groups have been fighting each other since the time of Mohammad's death. Both groups of Islam believe that by obeying the Five Pillars of Islam that one will obtain paradise when one dies. Most Bangash also practice folk Islam with a belief in evil spirits and a reverence for Muslim saints and their ancestors.

What are their needs?
Few rural Bangash have access to modern medicine and schools for their children. Teams of medical personnel can help bring basic health to the Bangash. Teachers can help their children learn to read and write. Most of all, the Bangash need to hear a clear presentation of the good news of Isa or Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and grant them eternal life.

Prayer Points
Pray that radio and TV programs become available in the dialect of Northern Pashto that the Bangash speak.

Pray that Bangash families respond positively to these radio and TV programs.

Pray for a just and lasting peace in the areas where the Bangash live.

Pray for a spiritual hunger for God in Bangash leaders that will lead them to the cross.

Pray the Lord raises up a strong church planting movement among the Bangash of Pakistan this decade.

View Pashtun Bangash in all countries.

Prayer Links
  Submit Update:
Country: Pakistan
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:7 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:385,000
Largest Provinces:
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (349,000)Sindh (17,000)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Pashtun Bangash
People Name General: Pashtun Bangash
ROP3 Code: 119154
Joshua Project People ID: 22136
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 385,000
Population all Countries: 457,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Muslim - Pashtun
People Name General: Pashtun Bangash
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Pashto, Northern (235,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pbu    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Pashto, Central (109,000)Hindko, Northern (16,000)
Saraiki (11,000)Urdu (4,700)
Sindhi (3,400)Hindko, Southern (1,800)
Dari (1,200)Khowar (1,000)
Dhatki (200)Ormuri (100)
Total Languages: 11
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1824-2010
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1895-2019
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoGod's Love Story
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Pashto, Northern
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralGeneral Ministry Resources
GeneralGospel resources links
Text / Printed MatterBible: Pashto, Northern
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Pashtun Bangash in Pakistan

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Muslim - Pashtun     Asia, South    
      Pashtun Bangash Pakistan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Pashtun Bangash in Pakistan          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Pashto, Northern  
    All Religions                              

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