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Pashtun Mohmand in India

Pashtun Mohmand

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
212,000 Urdu Islam 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Pashtun Mohmand in India

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Introduction / History
The Pashtun have been called the largest Muslim tribal society in the world. There are at least 30 major tribes, and countless sub-tribes and clans. Pashtuns share a unique sense of common identity based on four elements: Heritage, Islam, the Pashtunwali Code of Honor, and to some extent, language (Pakhtu or Pashto). More significant than dialectical differences, a Pashtun's primary loyalty is to his particular social group (tribe or sub-tribe).
There have been efforts to reach the Pashtun since 1818, when William Carey translated parts of the Old Testament into Pakhtu, based on interaction with Pashtun traders who caravanned (and settled) across north India and beyond. The first intentional mission to the Pashtun was launched by the Church Missionary Society in Peshawar, Pakistan in 1853. This was followed by over 150 years of faithful witness. Despite this record, a vibrant, indigenous, disciple-making movement has yet to take root and spread.
Pashto, the language of the Pashtuns, is a complex language. There are many varieties of the one language Pashto. Even women, who have less interaction with outsiders and other language groups, are said to speak a distinctive variety of Pashto!

Where are they located?
The majority of Pashtun live in Pakistan and Afghanistan. There is also a large Pashtun diaspora in India, and Pashtuns are the fourth largest Muslim people group in that country. Through the long process of indigenization, most Pashtuns in India today are often indistinguishable from other Indian Muslim communities. They are divided into at least 32 subgroups which reflect various clans, etc. You can find the Pashtuns in most states of India especially Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Punjab. Many of the Pashtun settlements in India date back hundreds of years.

What are their lives like?
Pashtuns in India have a low literacy rate, which holds them back economically and socially. Those who have a good education often work as professionals or with government agencies, especially police departments. Those in rural areas sometimes earn a good income by renting out family-owned farmland or selling horses. The rural poor among them suffer from unsanitary conditions caused mainly by poor water.
Pashtuns in India as well as other parts of South Asia have an affinity for Bollywood actors and actresses with the surname of Khan, which they attribute to their own ethnic group. Some Khans are Pashtun, but not all of them.
Honor (and conversely, shame) refers not to personal feelings or a psychological state, but to one’s public reputation in the eyes of others. In a collectivistic society like the Pashtun, where community is emphasized over individualism, a person’s identity is defined by his/her group. Everything one does is a matter of honor. Where you sit at a meal, who you marry, where you work, how you make decisions or spend money, all are affected by social expectations, and in turn affect one’s reputation (honor). Although the practice of Pashtunwali may be decreasing among urban Pashtuns, it remains a unifying theme.
Women are both the weakest link, and most important symbol, of the honor of any Pashtun man, family, and tribe. For a woman, honor is equated with modesty. The notion of modesty involves far more than dress and includes the total demeanor of a woman and her submission to the men (father, husband, brothers) in her family.

What are their beliefs?
Most Pashtuns are Sunni Muslims. Right religious practice (orthopraxy) tends to be more important than right belief (orthodoxy). Actual religious practice and piety vary according to context. As in other parts of the Muslim world, some Pashtuns are cultural Muslims; others are secular, or non-practicing; still others identify with the mystical tradition of Islam.
Pashtuns fear the influence of demons and evil spirits and seek protection by visiting the shrines of Muslim saints through amulets and charms, astrology, and fortune telling. Driven by felt needs—healing, desire for a son, relief from an abusive spouse—women especially turn to folk practices to ward off evil and seek God’s favor.

What are their needs?
The Pashtuns in India need to be liberated from the spirit world. They need a higher literacy rate so they can thrive in India’s rapidly developing urban economy.

Prayer Points
Pray for each subgroup of Pashtuns in India to have a movement to Christ which will bless them economically and spiritually.
Ask God’s Spirit to soften hearts to the truth of the gospel, to confirm the Word with signs following, and to reveal Christ to the minds and hearts of Pashtun!
Ask God to anoint, and grant wisdom, favor and fruitfulness to workers and agencies focused on the Pashtun.
Most Pashtun women are troubled by fears and have deep needs. Ask God to touch their hearts, especially through radio and television, and to help them put their faith in the almighty Savior.

References
http://www.khyber.org/articles/2007/Study_of_the_Pathan_Communitie.shtml
https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences-and-law/anthropology-and-archaeology/people/pathans
https://www.facebook.com/PathanInIndia/posts/notable-indians-of-pashtun-ancestrybollywood-superstar-shahrukh-khan-is-a-non-pa/146777108809235/
https://www.hindustantimes.com/india/indian-pathans-to-broker-peace-in-afghanistan/story-W6Z4o4Dm0ETTz7tPBoHT1I.html
https://www.interlitfoundation.org/store/Rohi-Mataluna-Pashto-Proverbs-p5547627

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Prayer Links  
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:212,000
Largest States:
Uttar Pradesh (86,000)Maharashtra (27,000)
West Bengal (17,000)Madhya Pradesh (16,000)
Karnataka (15,000)Rajasthan (15,000)
Tamil Nadu (7,200)Bihar (6,500)
Telangana (4,500)Odisha (4,300)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Pashtun Mohmand
People Name General: Pashtun Mohmand
ROP3 Code: 119253
Joshua Project People ID: 22234
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 212,000
Population all Countries: 1,369,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Muslim - Pashtun
People Name General: Pashtun Mohmand
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Urdu (169,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): urd    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bengali (7,600)Dhundari (1,000)
Marwari (700)Bhojpuri (500)
Awadhi (500)Gujarati (300)
Bagri (30)
Total Languages: 8
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1747-1894
New Testament:
1758-2000Audio
Complete Bible: 1843-2022
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Audio RecordingsUrdu Online Audio Bible
Film / VideoGod's Love Story
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoIndigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
Film / VideoThe Savior 6 - The Lord's Prayer
Film / VideoThe Savior 8 - Jesus is Risen
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralWalk with the Prophets and meet the Mess ...
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed MatterBible: Urdu
Text / Printed MatterBible: Urdu
Text / Printed MatterBible: Urdu
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Urdu
Text / Printed MatterLove letter to you from scripture
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Pashtun Mohmand in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    South Asia Muslim - Pashtun     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Pashtun Mohmand India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Pashtun Mohmand in India          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Urdu  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=22234&rog3=IN