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Biali in Benin

Biali

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Biali in Benin map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
158,000 Biali Ethnic Religions 7.00 % 1.00 % No   

Biali in Benin

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Introduction / History
The Burba are commonly regarded as a sub-group of the Somba. They are concentrated in the Atakora Mountains in northwestern Benin and across the border in Togo, especially in the Sansanne-Mango region. They also reside in Burkina Faso. The Somba have been described as the "castle people" because of their unique two-storied houses. Although they are a highly individualistic people, they share many features and cultural traits with the Mande who were once predominant in the region.

Today, Benin is home to about 65 distinct people groups, with the Burba representing a tiny fraction of the total population. Very little is known about the Burba in particular. Nevertheless, historical accounts claim that they originated in Burkina Faso.

The name Burba was given to them by the French, but it seems they prefer to be known as the Bialaba. Their language, which they call Berba, is a member of the Niger-Congo family of languages.

What are their lives like?
The Burba are farmers, growing millet, sorghum, and occasionally fonio (a sorghum-like grain) as the staple crops. Depending on the conditions, items such as melons, onions, bananas, cucumbers, eggplant, rice, taro, yams, tobacco, and tomatoes may also be grown. Farming methods are very basic, with the hoe being the primary tool for cultivation. Crops are rotated and fields are sometimes left fallow.

Hunting, fishing, and gathering (especially of shea nuts) all occur in the area, but provide only a modest supplement to the diet. Of considerably more importance is raising livestock. All the tribes keep at least some cattle, mainly of a hump-less, short-horned variety. Generally, cattle are used for sacrifices, marriage payments, and for hides and manure, but almost never for milk. Other domestic animals may also be kept, such as sheep, goats, dogs, and chickens.

Trade seems to be highly developed and regular markets are widespread among all of the tribes in Benin. Women do most of the trading in the markets as well as the gathering. Hunting is done by the men, and fishing, by both sexes. The men also tend to the livestock, clear the land, and perform the bulk of the agricultural work. The women, however, help in the fields when needed.

Most of the Burba live in neighborhoods of scattered family homesteads, with a few compact villages in different areas. Most of the tribes of the region live in round or rectangular mud or sun-dried brick huts with thatch roofs. The Burba, however, are unique in that their houses have two stories. It is not known how this particular style originated.

Few of the tribes in the region impose restrictions on premarital sex. Marriages are usually arranged by the heads of two extended families, often while the girl is still an infant. While the various Somba sub-groups do not require a bride-price, they do demand premarital bride-service. Polygyny (having more than one wife) is permitted and occurs frequently. Usually the first wife enjoys a superior status, but the other wives have their own separate quarters. The husband divides his time equally among all his wives.

What are their beliefs?
Although some of the Burba are influenced by Islam, most still follow their traditional ethnic religion. They believe that there are many gods and that the stars contain supernatural forces. They have an extensive system of cults in which mystical power is explained and controlled. The Burba also believe that every person has an inner force that determines his own destiny. After death, this "soul" either goes to the sky to join the other mystical powers, or is "reincarnated" (reborn in another form). In addition, the dead are thought to influence the living; thus, sacrifices are made to gain their favor.

What are their needs?
Although missionaries have made considerable progress among this people group, many of the Burba have yet to hear a clear presentation of the Gospel message. Much prayer and further evangelism are needed to teach them the way to eternal life.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to call full-time missionaries to minister to the Burba.
* Ask the Lord to soften the hearts of the Burba towards the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to save key leaders among the Burba who will boldly proclaim the Good News.
* Pray that God will give the Burba believers many opportunities to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to raise prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a strong Burba church for the glory of His name!
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.

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Country: Benin
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file:1
Location in Country:Atakora department: Materi, Tanguieta, and Cobly communes; Collines department: Ouessi commune; Donga department: small border area west of Oueme river.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Biali
People Name General: Biali
Alternate People Names:
BerbaBialaba
BialibaBieri
BieriaBurba
Epi
ROP3 Code: 101421
Joshua Project People ID: 10836
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 158,000
Population all Countries: 164,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Gur
People Name General: Biali
Ethnic Code: NAB56a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Biali (158,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): beh    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity7.00 %(Evangelical: 1.00 %)
Ethnic Religions93.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent14.00 %
Protestant15.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian1.00 %
Roman Catholic70.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2008–2015
New Testament:
YesAudio
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Biali in Benin

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Gur     Africa, West and Central    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Biali Benin    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Biali in Benin          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Biali  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=BN&peo3=10836