People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Brunei Malay in Brunei

Brunei Malay

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Brunei Malay in Brunei map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
184,000 Brunei Islam 0.06 % 0.05 % No No   

Brunei Malay in Brunei

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
Brunei Malay is the name used to refer to several very closely related and assimilated groups of indigenous people in Brunei. The largest are the Malay and the Kedayan. Several smaller groups, including the Low Malay Creole, Kiput, Kayan, and Southern Bisaya are also a part of the Brunei Malay population.

Although they are ethnically related to the Malay and also share the same Islamic religion, there are many cultural and linguistic differences that make the Brunei Malay distinct from the larger Malay populations in nearby Malaysia and Singapore.

The majority of Brunei Malay live in the capital city called the Brunei-Muara District, and also on the coastal strip spread along the sea border of the country. They write in Bahasa Malaysia but they speak in Brunei Malay, which is uniquely different in sound from spoken Malay.

What are their lives like?
The culture and customs of the various groups are often quite different - for instance, they differ from group to group in the adat (the unwritten village law) which regulates behavior in the individual villages.

As the indigenous people of the land, the Brunei Malay generally enjoy special privileges that are tied to the prosperity of the country - the Islamic Sultanate controls extensive petroleum and natural gas reserves. They are much favored in areas such as government employment and access to the national universities.

They enjoy medical and educational services that are relatively well developed. Revenues from petroleum production largely finance these services which are provided free of charge to the Brunei Malay. The Sultan of Brunei Darussalam also subsidizes their food and housing.

What are their beliefs?
All Brunei Malay are classified as Muslims at birth; they are exclusively Shafi Sunnis Muslims. The Brunei Malay people adhere to traditional Islamic practices and beliefs. It is estimated that Brunei has more mosques per square kilometer than any other country in the world.

Their religion is based on the five pillars of Islamic faith. They affirm there is no god but Allah, and Mohammed is his prophet. They are required to pray five times a day, give alms to the poor, fast during the month of Ramadan, and try to make at least one pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca.

Many of the Brunei Malay groups characterize their entire people group as being Muslim. This classification, however, is more of a cultural distinction than a characterization of individual beliefs. Individual beliefs will often be influenced by tribal religions of their ancestors.

What are their needs?
Currently, the Brunei Malay groups are physically well taken care of. Their country is rich in oil and petroleum and the Sultan is very generous. But material resources can run dry.

Although the Brunei Malay have many material resources, there remains a need for spiritual fulfillment. Pray that laborers will be sent forth who will go and work among the Brunei Malay.

View Brunei Malay in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-06-28
  Submit Update:
Country: Brunei
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:37 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Widespread.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Brunei Malay
People Name General: Brunei Malay, Kedayan
Alternate People Names:
KadazanKadazan Dusun
KedeyanOrang Bukit
ROP3 Code: 101679
Joshua Project People ID: 10973
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 184,000
Population all Countries: 556,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Malay
People Name General: Brunei Malay, Kedayan
Ethnic Code: MSY44z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Brunei (184,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): kxd    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Brunei Malay
Dialect Code:8382
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Sub-division:Sunni
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.06 %(Evangelical: 0.05 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.94 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Brunei Malay in Brunei

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Malay     Asia, Southeast    
      Brunei Malay, Kedayan Brunei    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Brunei Malay in Brunei          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Brunei  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: