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Han Chinese, Teochew in Cambodia

Han Chinese, Teochew

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
190,000 Chinese, Min Nan Ethnic Religions 1.40 % 0.40 %   

Han Chinese, Teochew in Cambodia

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Introduction / History
Chinese Cambodians are a group of ethnic minorities of Chinese descent living in Cambodia. There are actually 5 different ethno-linguistic groups among Chinese Cambodians which include Teochew, Cantonese, Hokkien, Hakka and Hainanese, the majority having Teochew ethnicity. These Chinese peoples began to migrate to Cambodia as early as the 3rd century, coming in waves due to wars, political pressures and economic hardships. Over the years many of the Chinese intermarried with the Khmer and were absorbed into Khmer culture, introducing Chinese customs and beliefs into Khmer society. But there remains a community of Chinese Cambodians who speak Khmer, yet have retained the distinctiveness of their own language and culture.

During the Democratic Kampuchea regime (1975–1979), the Khmer Rouge sought to persecute and purge the Chinese from Cambodian society. Attempting to escape extermination, many Chinese fled to neighboring Vietnam, while others tried to mix with Cambodian villagers, passing themselves off as peasants. In 1979, the Chinese returned and settled primarily in the population centers of the country, particularly Phnom Penh.

What are their lives like?
Nearly all Chinese Cambodians are involved in a business of one sort or another, ranging from small family-based shops to large companies. The vast majority of Chinese own retail sales shops, having converted their homes into street-side stores or selling in small market stalls. Most Chinese do business day in and day out without taking time off for rest, working from early morning to well into the evening. However, during the Chinese New Year celebrations most Chinese will stop doing business for 3 or 4 days to celebrate with their families and travel.

Chinese food, traditional medicines, decorations and religious paraphernalia are found in abundance in Phnom Penh. Chinese noodle shops and cafés cover the city and are enjoyed by Chinese and Khmer alike.

What are their beliefs?
Chinese Cambodians hold to traditional Chinese religious practices, ancestral worship, demon veneration and Theravada Buddhism. It is not uncommon to find an entire wall in their homes covered with altars to a pantheon of gods, as well as food sacrifices and incense burning in their shops. Even though religious beliefs are expressed in a variety of ways, the true god of the Chinese is money. It is out of fear, not love, that Chinese Cambodians serve these gods, for to not offer sacrifices and burn incense to them is to invite disaster – poverty, sickness and bad luck.

What are their needs?
Although economically more stable than average, nearly all Chinese Cambodians have not heard a clear presentation the gospel. Demonic strongholds and searching for wealth have been strong barriers, causing the good news to fall on deaf ears. Pray that God would send laborers to work specifically with these people, breaking through the spiritual, economic and linguistic barriers that have kept them isolated.

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Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-06-30
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Country: Cambodia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
10/40 Window: Yes
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Han Chinese, Teochew
People Name General: Han Chinese, Teochew
Alternate People Names:
Han Chinese Teochew
ROP3 Code: 103699
Joshua Project People ID: 12055
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 190,000
Population all Countries: 1,832,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Chinese
People Name General: Han Chinese, Teochew
Ethnic Code: MSY42a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Chinese, Min Nan (190,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): nan    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Chaozhou
Dialect Code:8848
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism30.00 % 
Christianity1.40 %(Evangelical: 0.40 %)
Ethnic Religions64.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious4.60 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent35.00 %
Protestant25.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic40.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1875-1916
New Testament:
1896-1974Audio
Complete Bible: 1884-1933
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAmoy Bible
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGimchua's Family (EngSub)
Film / VideoGimchua's Family (HanSub)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Chinese, Min Nan
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Hope
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Ed ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Editi ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Tr ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: 新譯本(繁體字版)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Han Chinese, Teochew in Cambodia

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Chinese     Asia, Southeast    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Han Chinese, Teochew Cambodia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Han Chinese, Teochew in Cambodia          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Chinese, Min Nan  
    Global    
Language
 
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Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=CB&peo3=12055