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Biao Mien, Shikou in China

Biao Mien, Shikou

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Biao Mien, Shikou in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
13,000 Biao-Jiao Mien Ethnic Religions 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Biao Mien, Shikou in China

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The Shikou Biao Mien are one of 29 groups profiled in this book who comprise the officially constructed Yao nationality in China.

The various branches of the Yao in China have long been viewed as stubborn and rebellious by the Chinese. The Han viewed tribal groups in two categories: "raw" and "cooked," according to their level of assimilation. The Yao invariably qualified as "raw" people who refused to conform to Chinese culture or rule. Rebellions by the Yao were first mentioned during the reign of the Song Emperor Renzong (1023-1064). "One occurred in Guangdong in 1035, another in Hunan in 1043. There is mention of a rebellion in the Guangzhou region in 1281. Then there was the famous 1832 Yao rebellion in Hunan, in which the Yao, reacting to theft of cattle and grain by members of the Triad Society, organized an uprising that took several months and armies from three provinces to squelch." Many Yao uprisings occurred because of the Yao's refusal to pay taxes. In many ways the Chinese authorities gave up trying to "civilize" the Yao. Even today many communities, including the Shikou Biao Mien speakers, view outsiders with great suspicion and mistrust.

The Biao Mien in Shikou share many common cultural traits with other Yao groups in southern China, including the Iu Mien. They are hardworking agriculturists, who live in two-story wooden houses located near the summits of high mountains in extremely remote areas. Few Shikou Biao Mien are seen in the townships except on market days when they come down to buy and sell.

Daoism (formerly spelled Taoism) is the major religious adherence among the Shikou Biao Mien. They have village priests who officiate at organized festivals. The priests chant from sacred Daoist manuals written in Chinese. These priests also act as intermediaries between the people and the spirit world.

There is no known Christian presence among the Shikou Biao Mien. Their remote location and isolated mind-set have prevented them from being exposed to the gospel of Jesus Christ. They remain an unreached people group without hope, in this life or eternity to come.

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:More than 10,000 people speaking the Shikou Biao Mien language live in Gongcheng County of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The area is southeast of the large city of Guilin, famous for centuries for its tourist attractions.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Biao Mien, Shikou
People Name General: Biao Mien, Shikou
Alternate People Names:
Shikou Yao
ROP3 Code: 101409
Joshua Project People ID: 10829
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 13,000
Population all Countries: 13,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Yao-Mien
People Name General: Biao Mien, Shikou
Ethnic Code: MSY47b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Biao-Jiao Mien (13,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): bje    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Biao Min
Dialect Code:8107
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism5.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions95.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Biao Mien, Shikou in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Yao-Mien     Asia, Northeast    
      Biao Mien, Shikou China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Biao Mien, Shikou in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Biao-Jiao Mien  
    All Religions                              

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