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Chrame in China


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Chrame in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
50,000 Pumi, Northern Buddhism 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Chrame in China

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Introduction / History
The Prinmi people live scattered over an area reaching from Southern Sichuan Province to Northern Yunnan Province. In Sichuan, they are classified as Tibetan; in Yunnan, they are classified as Prinmi. The area ranges in altitude between 1800 to 4500 meters above sea level. Many villages in the southwest of Sichuan are still remote and inaccessible by vehicle. The Prinmi are mainly agriculturalists who grow a variety of crops (maize, potatoes, wheat, (highland) rice, barley, oats, beans, squash and turnips) and practice animal husbandry. Animals include pigs, chickens, cattle, horses, mules and to a lesser extent goats and sheep. In some of the higher pastoral areas, Prinmi make a living as yak herders. The yaks are raised for their milk which is turned into yak butter, a basic ingredient in yak butter tea.

In recent years, many young people have gone all over China in search of unskilled labor jobs and a large percentage of the children have left the village to go to school. Thus, in some villages those segments of the population are not present for most of the year. The further north one travels, the stronger the Tibetan Buddhist influence gets. People are in fear of ghosts which can inflict sickness, and worship mountain deities which in turn extend protection. Families normally have a household shrine on the side of the mountain where offerings and prayers for protection are made. In some areas households have a special room upstairs dedicated to the Buddha. Religious specialists include Buddhist monks (lamas), reincarnations of the Buddha (living Buddha 's), shamans who interact with the more animist layer of the culture, and spirit mediums. The majority of Prinmi practice cremation and souls are said to return to the land of the ancestors.

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:16 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:A widespread, isolated area of southwest Sichuan Province is home to approximately 39,000 Chrame people. Most are located in and around Muli County, described as "a rich possession. The rivers, especially the Litang, carry gold and produce a considerable revenue." Scattered Chrame communities are found as far west as the Yarlung (Dadu) River at Shimian, 200 kilometers (123 mi.) from Muli and as far north as Wenchuan County. In addition, a small number of Chrame live in the Yongning District of Ninglang County in northern Yunnan Province. The Chrame king once "held sway over a territory of 9,000 square miles - an area slightly larger than Massachusetts."
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Chrame
People Name General: Chrame
Alternate People Names:
HsifanNothern Pumi
PrinmiSichuan Pumi
ROP3 Code: 102197
Joshua Project People ID: 11373
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 50,000
Population all Countries: 50,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibetan
People Name General: Chrame
Ethnic Code: MSY50z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Pumi, Northern (50,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pmi    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division:Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism99.80 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.20 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Chrame in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Tibetan     Asia, Northeast    
      Chrame China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Chrame in China          
      Religion Language  
      Buddhism     Pumi, Northern  
    All Religions                              

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