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Hani in China


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Hani in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
763,000 Hani Ethnic Religions 0.30 % 0.30 % No   

Hani in China

People Group Video [7]
Source:  Asia HarvestWatchDownload
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The official Hani nationality numbered 1.25 million people in the 1990 census. This is the result of the inclusion of more than a dozen distinct people groups into the official classification. These groups have been separated and profiled individually in Operation China. There are a multitude of selfappellations among the official Hani groups. They also "have over 100 ways of dressing themselves." This Profile deals only with the speakers of "Hani proper."

The Hani language consists of three tones and five dialects. More than 450,000 Hani can speak their language. Differences with each of the major dialects "are relatively small, and speakers from the different sub-dialects can generally understand each other." A Hani Roman alphabet was introduced in 1957 but was never widely embraced by the Hani who today have a low literacy rate.

In Hani legend a Sky god named Abo-Momi sent a buffalo to the earth to teach man that grass and trees must be planted to enable crops to grow everywhere else. If man would do this they would be able to eat every second day. Unfortunately the buffalo had a poor memory and told them the crops must be planted. He also told them to let the grass and trees grow everywhere else. If they would do that, the buffalo said, they would be able to eat twice every day. Man obeyed the buffalo's message but found their lives did not improve at all. When the buffalo returned to the sky, Abo-Momi was displeased and sent the buffalo back to the earth to help the Hani cultivate the soil. The water buffalo is still revered today among the Hani. When a Hani man dies his buffalo is slaughtered and buried with him, so that the beast can guide him to the next world.

The Hani are a needy and poverty-stricken people. The central government ranked them the lowest of China's official minorities in a "quality of life index." The Hani scored 38.3%, compared to the national average of 62.7%. They also ranked last for infant mortality, with 107 of every 1,000 Hani children dying during infancy. The Hani life expectancy is just 58 years.

The Hani have three major religious clergymen. The zuima is a male from the oldest household who directs all religious activities. The beima perform magic rites and exorcisms. Male and female nima make predictions and administer medicinal herbs.

The Hani have traditionally been one of the most gospel-neglected of China's minorities. The few efforts to evangelize them have been met with resistance. Because of the lack of gospel materials one writer notes, "Even if a Hani wants to hear about Jesus Christ, he can't, no matter how hard he tries."

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The Jungles of Southern Yunnan
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:27 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:More than 600,000 Hani live across a wide stretch of land between the Ailao and Wuliang mountain ranges in southern Yunnan. The Hani population is expected to surpass 750,000 by 2010.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Hani
People Name General: Hani
Alternate People Names:
Bru KanayGazhou
Ha NhiHa Nhi Gia
ROP3 Code: 103712
Joshua Project People ID: 12062
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 763,000
Population all Countries: 788,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Hani
People Name General: Hani
Ethnic Code: MSY50i
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hani (763,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hni    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.30 %(Evangelical: 0.30 %)
Ethnic Religions95.20 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious4.50 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Yes
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hani
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Hani in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Hani     Asia, Northeast    
      Hani China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Hani in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Hani  
    All Religions                              

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