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Kazakh in China


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Kazakh in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,880,000 Kazakh Islam 0.01 % 0.01 %   

Kazakh in China

People Group Video [7]
Source:  Asia HarvestWatchDownload
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The Kazaks are one of China's official minority groups. The name Kazak means "the breakaways" or "secessionists". Chinese publications, however, not wanting to flame the Kazaks desire for independence, claim their name means "white swan".

Since 1980 the Kazaks in China have used a modified Arabic script. There are two main Kazak dialects in China: Southwestern and Northeastern Kazak. The Southwestern variety includes the tribes of Alban and Suwen. Kazak is a "relatively uniform language, without any major dialectal differences, so that Kazaks from different places have no difficulty in conversing with one another."

Over the centuries the various Islamic groups in northwest China have attempted to establish their own homeland. Several brutal massacres have reinforced Chinese rule and the deep hatred the Kazaks have for the Han. At least 100,000 Kazaks migrated into China from Russia between 1916 and 1920, after the Tsarist government imposed conscription on them.9 In the early 1950s the Kazaks in China were forced into a communal society and were forbidden to enjoy the nomadic lifestyle their ancestors had enjoyed for over a thousand years. In 1962, 60,000 Kazaks decided to cross back into the Soviet Union. The massive migration represented more than onetenth of the entire Kazak population in China at the time.

Images of proud nomadic Kazak horsemen have long stirred the imagination of the world. Being the rulers of vast open grasslands, they lived as they pleased and moved their livestock wherever and whenever they desired: the Kazaks love their freedom. When a Kazak girl goes to the altar on her wedding day, "she is carried off after the ceremony, slung over a horse and delivered to the family of her husband-to be."

Although the Kazaks embraced Islam in the sixteenth century and consider themselves to be Muslims today, their practices and rituals are combined with elements of spiritism, black magic, animism, and shamanism.

Few of the Kazaks in China - despite having the Scriptures, Jesus film, gospel recordings, and gospel radio broadcasts available in their own language - believe in Christ. In the 1930s the Swedish Missionary Society planted one small Kazak church in Xinjiang, but persecution wiped it out. Presently there are only "a handful of Kazak Christians in China."12 In neighboring Kazakstan, however, in recent years "approximately 3,500 Kazaks have come to faith in Christ."

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-07-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-04-19
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-07-02
Prayer Links
The Kazakhs of Central Asia
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Approximately 1.1 million Kazaks were counted in the 1990 Chinese census. They are centered primarily in the Ili Prefecture in northern Xinjiang. After dark the streets of Yining are full of drunk Kazaks and Uzbeks who often use knives and other weapons to settle quarrels. A smaller number of Kazaks live in the northwest part of Gansu Province. In addition, about nine million Kazaks are scattered throughout Central Asia, Russia, and as far away as Turkey and Germany.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kazakh
People Name General: Kazakh
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 104791
Joshua Project People ID: 12599
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,880,000
Population all Countries: 15,659,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Turkic Peoples
People Cluster: Kazakh
People Name General: Kazakh
Ethnic Code: MSY41e
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Kazakh
Language Code (ISO): kaz    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Sub-division:Sunni
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.01 %(Evangelical: 0.01 %)
Ethnic Religions3.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam96.99 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1818-1989
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1820-2010
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJans Testimony
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Kazakh
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoRivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoThe Prophets' Story
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Kazakh in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Kazakh     Asia, Northeast    
      Kazakh China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kazakh in China          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Kazakh  
    All Religions                              

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