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Han Chinese, Xunpu in China

Han Chinese, Xunpu

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
700 Chinese, Min Nan Ethnic Religions 4.00 % 3.00 %   

Han Chinese, Xunpu in China

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Although officially considered part of the Han nationality, the inhabitants of Xunpu are the descendants of foreign immigrants. As one historian explains, "The nearby village of Yuanlu, which is a flower growing center ... was a private garden belonging to a superintendent of maritime trade at the time of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). This person was an Arab by origin, whose name is rendered as Bu Shougeng. The interesting thing is that the surname of most of Yuanlu's residents is Bu, so there is a distinct possibility that they might be descended from this Yuan dynasty official." Today the inhabitants of Xunpu consider themselves a distinct people. They wear spectacular, colorful costumes, keep their own traditions, and are called Xunpu Ren by other residents of the area.

In the past Quanzhou was known as Zaitun. Founded in 711, it grew to become the world's second largest port during the Song and Yuan dynasties (960-1368) and continued to be important until its harbor silted up during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). "Over the centuries, it attracted merchants, envoys and missionaries from faraway Persia, Arabia, India and Europe." Another historian records, "A large number of Moslem, Nestorian, Catholic, Manichean and Hindu inscriptions are found in the area. ... The inscriptions are in Arabic, Syriac and Tamil."

The most eye catching feature of the Xunpu women is the way they dress their hair. "It is twisted up into a bun or chignon, often fastened with strands of red wool, and set off by a garland or two of dozens of chrysanthemum, jasmine or magnolia buds." Xunpu village is celebrated for its oysters. The outer walls of many of their homes are insulated with empty oyster shells collected from the nearby beach.

Today most Xunpu inhabitants adhere to traditional Chinese religions such as Daoism and ancestor worship. There are many strong Han Christian churches in nearby Quanzhou.

Although there are now only a few believers among the Xunpu, the Quanzhou area has a long and rich Christian history. The first Christian community was started by Franciscan monks in the early 1300s. In 1982 all the people of the nearby village of Shenghu, numbering 250, "were converted following an unusual case of exorcism." Churches in Quanzhou City have experienced steady growth over a twenty-year period. One house church which numbered 100 to 200 people in 1975 had grown to 1,000 members by 1986.

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:16 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Located just eight kilometers (five mi.) south of the large city of Quanzhou on the coast of Fujian Province, about 1,000 people live in the tiny fishing village of Xunpu, situated near the Jinjiang River that runs through Quanzhou before emptying itself into the East China Sea.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Han Chinese, Xunpu
People Name General: Han Chinese, Xunpu
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 114093
Joshua Project People ID: 18485
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 700
Population all Countries: 700
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Chinese
People Name General: Han Chinese, Xunpu
Ethnic Code: MSY42a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Chinese, Min Nan (700 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): nan    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism10.00 % 
Christianity4.00 %(Evangelical: 3.00 %)
Ethnic Religions60.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam26.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1875-1916
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1884-2001
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Chinese, Min Nan
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralGospel resources links
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese, Min Nan
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese, Min Nan
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese, Min Nan
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese, Min Nan
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Han Chinese, Xunpu in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Chinese     Asia, Northeast    
      Han Chinese, Xunpu China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Han Chinese, Xunpu in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Chinese, Min Nan  
    All Religions                              

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