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Hmong Bua in China

Hmong Bua

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Hmong Bua in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
68,000 Miao, Chuanqiandian Cluster Ethnic Religions 1.60 % 1.60 % No No   

Hmong Bua in China

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Source:  Asia HarvestWatchDownload
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The Hmong Bua are a separate ethnic group, with a common identity, within the Miao nationality. The Hmong Bua in Jinping and Vietnam call themselves Hmong Dlo or Hmong Bua, meaning "black Hmong." In Weixin the autonym used is Hmong Si. It is important to note that this group is not related to the large Hmu group in Guizhou, who were also called Black Miao by missionaries in the past. Linguist Michael Johnson notes, "In the Weixin- Xuyong area the Hmong Si are ethnically closely tied with the Hmong Leng, another Northern Hua dialect."

The Hmong Bua now living in southern Yunnan and Vietnam arrived in the region about 200 years ago. In contrast, the Hmong Bua in the northeastern Yunnan- Sichuan area first arrived there in 1573. After several generations of separation from their homeland, the Hmong Bua developed their own identity. Today most of the various Miao subgroups in China do not acknowledge kinship with each other, even if they speak the same language.

Hmong Bua women's clothing features a black shirt, similar to the Hmong Leng, with embroidery on the cuffs. "The skirt is also dark ... with oblique squares of cloth sewn to it. Women often use a small waist apron as a head covering."

The majority of Hmong Bua are animists. In recent years the Hmong Bua in Jinping may have benefited from the Christian "radio revival" among the neighboring Hmong Daw, who speak a similar language.

As many as 20,000 of the neighboring Hmong Daw people have turned to Christ in southern Yunnan since 1994, due to gospel radio broadcasts produced by the Far East Broadcasting Company. The Hmong Bua are able to understand most of the Hmong Daw language and have probably been affected also. Many Hmong Bua could potentially use the Hmong Daw and Hmong Njua Scriptures, but very few are literate.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-07-03
Prayer Links
The Miao
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:A 1998 study listed a population of 50,000 Hmong Bua in China. They live in two widely separated areas in Yunnan Province: Weixin and Zhenxiong counties in northeastern Yunnan (and Xuyong County in neighboring Sichuan Province); and Jinping County (especially Laomeng Township) in southeastern Yunnan. A few also live on the east bank of the Honghe River in Pingbian and Hekou counties. Some Hmong Bua recently migrated to Xishuangbanna Prefecture in southwest Yunnan. In addition, 20,000 speakers of the Hmong Bua language live in Lai Chau, Vietnam.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Hmong Bua
People Name General: Hmong Bua
Alternate People Names:
Black HmongBlack Miao
Hei MiaoHmong Dlo
Hmong SiMiao, Black
ROP3 Code: 114094
Joshua Project People ID: 18486
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 68,000
Population all Countries: 95,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Miao / Hmong
People Name General: Hmong Bua
Ethnic Code: MSY47a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Miao, Chuanqiandian Cluster (68,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): cqd    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Hmong Bua
Dialect Code:21031
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity1.60 %(Evangelical: 1.60 %)
Ethnic Religions78.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam20.40 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Yes
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2017
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Hmong Bua in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Miao / Hmong     Asia, Northeast    
      Hmong Bua China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Hmong Bua in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Miao, Chuanqiandian Cluster  
    All Religions                              

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