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Hmong Leng in China

Hmong Leng

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Hmong Leng in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
329,000 Hmong Daw Ethnic Religions 0.20 % 0.20 %   

Hmong Leng in China

People Group Video [7]
Source:  Asia HarvestWatchDownload
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The Hmong Leng have been included under the official Miao nationality in China. Their self-name is Hmong Len or Hmong Shib which means "light Hmong." In Jinping County one subgroup is called Hmong Liab (Red Hmong) or Hmong Liab Haut (Red-Headed Hmong), but they speak the same language as the Hmong Leng.

The Hmong Leng are "a geographically widespread and populous group. There are a number of Hmong Leng ethnic and geographic subgroups speaking identical or extremely similar dialects. The differences amongst the subgroups are mostly obvious in clothing styles, geographical locations, and autonym but some sociocultural differences may also exist. The closeness within the group indicates that they probably formed a single ethnolinguistic group, with no internal variation, in the southeast Yunnan area only a few hundred years ago."

The Hmong Leng are among the most economically progressive minority groups in south China. Hmong Leng youth frequently travel to cities and towns in search of employment and have a reputation for being good businessmen. Hmong Leng women wear dresses made from hempcloth. A flat, round turban consisting of black and white cloth is also worn. In Jinping the clothing style includes a black or blue shirt and a flap of red cloth with sharply pointed corners at the back of the neck.

Hmong Leng homes customarily have a spirit and ancestral altar that is placed in a prominent location on a wall in the main room of the house. Offerings of fruit and incense are placed on the altar to honor and nourish the souls of their dead ancestors and to seek the spirits' blessings.

There are few believers among the Hmong Leng in China, although in Southeast Asia and the United States, Hmong Leng Christians number in the thousands. Generally speaking, the Hmong Leng near the Vietnam border have a far greater chance of hearing the gospel than their counterparts farther north. Around Kaiyuan County there are few Christian communities and the Hmong Leng remain largely untouched. There may be a small number of Hmong Leng believers mixed in with the Hmong Daw churches in Jinping County and other parts of Wenshan Prefecture.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-07-17
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-07-05
Prayer Links
The Miao
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Approximately 250,000 Hmong Leng live in southern and southeastern Yunnan Province - including 30,000 in Jinping County alone. Others are scattered in Pingbian County, parts of Wenshan Prefecture, and as far north as Kaiyuan County. In addition, large numbers of Hmong Leng live outside of China in Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, and as refugees in various Western nations, particularly the United States. The total world population for the Hmong Leng exceeds 500,000, the majority found in Vietnam.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Hmong Leng
People Name General: Hmong Leng
Alternate People Names:
Hmong Bal HoutHmong Lens
Hmong SibHongtou Miao
Light HmongMiao, Leng
Red HmongRed Miao
Red-Headed HmongRed-Headed Miao
ROP3 Code: 114105
Joshua Project People ID: 18494
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 329,000
Population all Countries: 329,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Miao / Hmong
People Name General: Hmong Leng
Ethnic Code: MSY47a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hmong Daw (329,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mww    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Mong Leng
Dialect Code:10655
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.20 %(Evangelical: 0.20 %)
Ethnic Religions95.80 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious4.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1922-1984
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1997-2011
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hmong Daw
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterBible: The Holy Bible - White Hmong Stan ...
Text / Printed MatterMulti-Language Media
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Hmong Leng in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Miao / Hmong     Asia, Northeast    
      Hmong Leng China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Hmong Leng in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Hmong Daw  
    All Religions                              

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