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Kiong Nai in China

Kiong Nai

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Kiong Nai in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,400 Bunu, Jiongnai Ethnic Religions 4.50 % 4.50 % No No   

Kiong Nai in China

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Although they are officially (and ethnically) considered part of the Yao nationality, the Kiong Nai speak a language related to Miao. Kiong Nai is the selfname of this small tribe. The Chinese call them Hualan Yao which means "flowery blue Yao." It can also mean "Yao with baskets of flowers."

The Kiong Nai live alongside the Iu Mien and Lakkia in the Dayaoshan Mountains. These groups migrated into the area at different times. The Kiong Nai's homes are "built with brick and wood. ... The Pan [Iu Mien] and Shanzi Yao [Kim Mun], however, had no land in the Dayaoshan, suggesting that these two groups were later arrivals in the area. They had to ask to use land from the three established Yao groups, and had to pay rent and render manual labor to them. These two groups could not settle down, but lived in rustic bamboo sheds."

Kiong Nai women wear beautiful dress, which is "embroidered with fine lace and consists of three wraps, one large, one smaller, and one a medium size. ... A small bamboo basket is carried on the back and a long knife at the waist. A pair of short pants and a puttee completes the outfit." The Kiong Nai are renowned throughout the area for their skill in making silver ornaments.

The Kiong Nai are polytheists. They worship a variety of gods and spirits. Their religion has made them indifferent to the sanctity of human life. "It is their custom ... to control the size of their population. They plan their families according to their wealth and the size of the land they will till. Generally, there will be one or two children in a family. In order to maintain their living standard, they do not hesitate to resort to abortion if and when their planning goes wrong."

The Kiong Nai are completely untouched by the gospel. They have never had a known believer or Christian fellowship among them. There are geographic, cultural, and linguistic barriers that prevent the Kiong Nai from hearing the message of salvation from other people groups.

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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:27 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:The small Kiong Nai tribe, which numbered 1,500 people in a 1991 study, are one of five distinct Yao groups living in the Dayaoshan (Big Yao Mountains) in eastern Guangxi's Jinxiu County. The 1982 Chinese census listed only 822 Kiong Nai, but later research placed the number higher. The Kiong Nai are the smallest and most different of the five Yao groups, who together total 36,000 people. The various groups "speak different languages and each has its own peculiar customs and living habits." The Kiong Nai inhabit the nine villages of Longhua, Nanzhou, Dajin, Liuxiang, Mentou, Gubu, Ludan, Liutian, and Chang'e.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kiong Nai
People Name General: Kiong Nai
Alternate People Names:
Flowery Blue YaoHua Lan Yao
Hwa Lan YaoJiongnai
Jiongnai BunuJiongnaihua
Kiang NaiKion Nai
ROP3 Code: 114140
Joshua Project People ID: 18525
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,400
Population all Countries: 2,400
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Yao-Mien
People Name General: Kiong Nai
Ethnic Code: MSY47b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Bunu, Jiongnai (2,400 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pnu    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity4.50 %(Evangelical: 4.50 %)
Ethnic Religions90.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious5.50 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Kiong Nai in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Yao-Mien     Asia, Northeast    
      Kiong Nai China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kiong Nai in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Bunu, Jiongnai  
    All Religions                              

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