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Mjuniang in China


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Mjuniang in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
57,000 Cao Miao Ethnic Religions 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Mjuniang in China

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Although they have been officially included as members of the large Miao nationality in China, the Mjuniang speak a language closely related to Dong. The name Mjuniang is the autonym of this group. The Chinese invariably call them by the nickname Cao Miao, meaning "grass Miao." All the peoples in the area call the Mjuniang Cao Miao.

The Eurasian ancestry of the Miao (including the Mjuniang) was still apparent as recently as the nineteenth century. One visitor remarked, "They ate with spoons rather than chopsticks. ... Even more odd were the many red or blond-haired Miao with light skin, and some with blue eyes." For thousands of years the Han Chinese called themselves Li-min, which is generally translated "black-haired people." One writer asks, "Why, then, did they designate themselves the Black or Dark people? Did they at one time live in the neighbourhood of people who were fair-haired and of lighter complexion than themselves?"

To accommodate their terrain, some Mjuniang villages consist of hanging houses. "These three-story wooden homes are built on stakes against the mountain slope. The top story is used to store the grain, the middle for bedrooms and living room, and the bottom for cattle, sheep and poultry."

For centuries, Mjuniang shamans and sorcerers have possessed great demonic power. Since the advent of Communism in China, however, their influence has been diminished. In many locations shamans continue to operate in secret.

The Lutherans worked in Liping until the 1930s, when they were forced to leave China. The church property was confiscated by the Communists. Most of the present generation have never heard of Christ, nor have they ever met a Christian.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-08-23
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-07-17
Global Prayer Digest: 2018-07-25
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:23 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:The Encyclopedic Dictionary of Chinese Linguistics listed a 1991 figure of 60,000 speakers of the Mjuniang language. They live at the juncture of three southern provinces: Guangxi, Hunan, and Guizhou. In Guizhou they are located in Liping County; in Hunan they live in Tongdao County; and in Guangxi they are found in Sanjiang County. Liping County, which also contains many members of the Dong nationality, was captured by the Communists during the Long March in December 1934. Zhou En Lai chaired a meeting there at a shop belonging to a merchant named Xu. Today a small museum in Liping commemorates the Communist visit.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Mjuniang
People Name General: Mjuniang
Alternate People Names:
CaoCao Miao
Grass MiaoMiao, Cao
ROP3 Code: 114220
Joshua Project People ID: 18601
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 57,000
Population all Countries: 57,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Miao / Hmong
People Name General: Mjuniang
Ethnic Code: MSY47a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Cao Miao (57,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): cov    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions90.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious10.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Mjuniang in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Miao / Hmong     Asia, Northeast    
      Mjuniang China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Mjuniang in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Cao Miao  
    All Religions                              

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