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Nisu, Xinping in China

Nisu, Xinping

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Nisu, Xinping in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
258,000 Nisu, Northern Ethnic Religions 1.00 % 0.51 % No No   

Nisu, Xinping in China

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Although the Xinping Nisu are officially included as part of the Yi nationality, they wear different dress, speak a distinct dialect from all other Yi groups, and possess their own self-identity. The Chinese call this group Huayao Yi (Flower Belt Yi) in reference to the clothing worn by the women. The Xinping Nisu in some areas call themselves Tuli, but they speak the same dialect as other Xinping Nisu.

Different Yi groups, including the Xinping Nisu, have developed their own identity and customs after centuries of isolation from each other.

Unmarried Xinping Nisu women wear gorgeous cockscomb hats made of wool tassels and silver bubbles. A legend states that there were once two Nisu villages in the Honghe area that were constantly harassed by an evil spirit. The demon was defeated by magic when a rooster crowed. Of the many festivals observed by the Nisu in Yunnan, the one that takes place on the slopes of the Mopan Mountain in Xinping County is considered the greatest. When a Nisu girl turns 15 or 16 she is said to have entered the "spring time" of her life. When this time has come, her family sends her into the mountains with a selected boy from her village. The two pick a selection of beautiful flowers and grass and return home. The girl arranges a large structure of flowers on the roof of her house. When she has finished, her mother places a special headdress on her head and jewelry on her wrists. She also adorns herself with necklaces and earrings, and wears a special belt around her waist. Then her family and friends hold a ceremony where they drink wine and sing the following song: "Springtime has come to the mountains, The flowers are opening and the birds are beautiful on the hills; The young birds are flying away from their nests. Springtime has come to this young maiden, She has blossomed and is beautiful; She too must leave her old home."

Roosters are held in great reverence and are even worshiped by the Xinping Nisu. They also believe the spirits of dragons and the ox can protect them.

Although an attempt by the China Inland Mission to reach the Tuli (a subgroup of the Xinping Nisu) apparently ended in failure, there are a few known Xinping Nisu Christians in Yuanjiang County today. A 1989 study listed 528 Yi Christians in Yuxi Prefecture, of which 55% were in Yuanjiang County. Most of these are probably Xinping Nisu.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-07-28
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:27 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:More than 190,000 speakers of Xinping Nisu live in Xinping, Yuxi, Eshan, Yuanjiang, Jiangchuan, and Yimen counties of Yuxi Prefecture (143,400); Anning and Jinning Counties of Kunming Municipality (18,000); and Shiping County in Honghe Prefecture (31,000). These locations are all within China's Yunnan Province.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Nisu, Xinping
People Name General: Nisu, Xinping
Alternate People Names:
Flowery Belt YiFlowery Waist Yi
Hua Yao YiHuayao Yi
TuliTuli Yi
ROP3 Code: 114258
Joshua Project People ID: 18637
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 258,000
Population all Countries: 258,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General: Nisu, Xinping
Ethnic Code: MSY50i
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Nisu, Northern (258,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): yiv    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity1.00 %(Evangelical: 0.51 %)
Ethnic Religions93.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious6.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent20.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox80.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Nisu, Xinping in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Tibeto-Burman, other     Asia, Northeast    
      Nisu, Xinping China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Nisu, Xinping in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Nisu, Northern  
    All Religions                              

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