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Oroqen in China


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Oroqen in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
11,000 Evenki Ethnic Religions 0.50 % 0.33 % No No   

Oroqen in China

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Introduction / History
The Oroqen are a group renown for violence, drunkenness, and murder. For centuries the Oroqen have inhabited the Xingana Mountains of Northeast China. The Japanese occupation of Manchuria in the 1930s and 1940s drove the Oroqen far into the mountains and dense forests near China's borders with Russia. Life is hard for the Oroqen. For many generations, they have been nomads, roaming their vast homeland at will.

Oroqen men are skilled hunters and fishermen, living off the rich bounty of wildlife found in the region. They live in tents called "Xianrenzhu", which they covered with birchbark in the summer and deerskin during the harsh winter months, when temperatures plummet to as low as minus 40 degrees.

Shamanism is the primary religion of the Oroqen, they believe in an intricate system of demons and spirits which require the consulting of a Shaman to act as a middle man between them and the spirit world. The Oroqen word for the "Shaman" means "agitated or frenzied person." This reflects that appearance of the Shamans when they go into a demonic trance to contact the spirit-world. The Oroqen also worship certain animals, especially the bear and tiger. They believe they are related to them by blood and if they treat the beasts with respect they will never be harmed by them. They even called the bear "amaha", meaning "uncle", and the tiger "wutaqi" which means old man. Oroqen traditionally wear hats made of deer fur.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-07-29
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:17 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Approximately 9,000 Oroqen are spread over a vast area of the Outer Xingan Mountain range in northeast Inner Mongolia and in neighboring Heilongjiang Province. The Oroqen population has been affected by rampant disease and violence during the twentieth century. By 1953 their numbers had fallen to just 2,200. Despite their small population, the Oroqen live in a vast area measuring 58,000 square kilometers (22,970 sq. mi.), "slightly smaller than West Virginia (which has similar terrain) or Belgium and Holland combined." When the Hulunbuir Prefecture was established in 1951, 774 of the 778 residents were Oroqen. By 1980 the population of 410,000 contained just 1,315 Oroqens. A small number of Oroqen live across the border in eastern Siberia.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Oroqen
People Name General: Oroqen
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 114271
Joshua Project People ID: 18650
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 11,000
Population all Countries: 11,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Turkic Peoples
People Cluster: Altaic
People Name General: Oroqen
Ethnic Code: MSY41i
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Evenki
Language Code (ISO): evn    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Oroqen (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.50 %(Evangelical: 0.33 %)
Ethnic Religions98.50 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious1.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent100.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1880-2013
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
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Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Oroqen in China

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Altaic     Asia, Northeast    
      Oroqen China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Oroqen in China          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Evenki  
    All Religions                              

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