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Qiang, Luhua in China

Qiang, Luhua

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Qiang, Luhua in China map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
24,000 Qiang, Northern Buddhism 0.01 % 0.01 % No No   

Qiang, Luhua in China

People Group Video [7]
Source:  Asia HarvestWatchDownload
 
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Identity
Although they belong to the Qiang nationality and speak Qiang, many of the Qiang in Heishui County call themselves Zangzu (Tibetan) in Chinese but R'ma in their own language. Having been acculturated to Tibetan centuries ago, these Qiang no longer view themselves as a distinct people.

Luhua Qiang is one of four distinct varieties of Northern Qiang in China. One researcher has noted, "Although Qiang does not have a large population, their language is divided into many dialects, and they are not intelligible from one to another. Even worse, each village uses a different dialect. It is therefore very difficult to research."

History
For a long period of time before 1949, the Qiang lived in primitive conditions. A feudal landlord economy dominated production. Many of these poor peasants eventually lost their land due to excessive and unfair taxation. They became hired laborers and wandered from place to place to make a living.

Customs
In their small fields the Luhua Qiang grow corn, red peppers, potatoes, cabbages, beans, and wheat. They also grow a fruit called whadjou. In their mudbrick homes they keep pigs, sheep, goats, chickens, and some cattle.

Religion
White stones are not only representative of Qiang gods but are also a symbol of good fortune. Some Qiang believe that "bringing a white stone into a house on New Year's Day will bring more property. So, when they visit a neighbor or relative they present a white rock and shout 'Property comes!' The host receives it carefully and then welcomes their blessing wholeheartedly by carefully placing it next to the ancestral tablets or the image of a deity."

Christianity
Foreign missionaries who worked in the Qiang region in the late 1800s recounted this fascinating story of a brief encounter with an unknown tribe: "Years ago a deputation from Ngapa came to Kwanhsien [today's Guanxian County] with a request for pith helmets, guns, and Bibles. Their interest in the Gospel, like the order, seemed mixed, but eleven years later, the writer met a Prince from Ngapa who greedily bought up 500 [Scripture] portionettes. 'No,' [the Prince] said, 'they are not for sale. My people are interested in this Gospel.'" This interesting story reflects the interest in the gospel the Qiang people still have today. They are unreached not because they are resistant to the claims of Christ, but rather because few have ever been presented with the gospel in a way they could comprehend it and make an intelligent decision to accept or reject the Savior.

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Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-07-07
 
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The Qiang
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Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
Persecution Rank:27 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:The Chinese linguist Liu Guangkun lists a 1990 figure of 14,000 speakers of the Luhua Qiang language living in northwest Sichuan Province in western China. The Luhua Qiang language is spoken in the Luhua, Shashiduo, Yangrong, Zegai, Ergulu, and Zhuogedu districts of Heishui (Black Water) County in the Aba Prefecture. Heishui County had a total population of 58,000 in the 1990 census, of which 49,600 (85.5%) speak Qiang languages.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
   
 
Maps
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Qiang, Luhua
People Name General: Qiang, Luhua
Alternate People Names:
ChiangChiang, Luhua
Luhua
ROP3 Code: 114290
Joshua Project People ID: 18664
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 24,000
Population all Countries: 24,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General: Qiang, Luhua
Ethnic Code: MSY50r
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Qiang, Northern (24,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): cng    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Luhua
Dialect Code:15823
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division:Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism90.00 % 
Christianity0.01 %(Evangelical: 0.01 %)
Ethnic Religions9.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious1.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
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Qiang, Luhua in China

Peoples
               
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Region
   
    Tibeto-Burman, other     Asia, Northeast    
     
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      Qiang, Luhua China    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Qiang, Luhua in China          
      Religion Language  
      Buddhism     Qiang, Northern  
    Global    
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=CH&peo3=18664