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Beja, Bedawi in Egypt

Beja, Bedawi

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Beja, Bedawi in Egypt map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
88,000 Bedawiyet Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No   

Beja, Bedawi in Egypt

People Group Video [7]
Source:  Discover the Beja PeopleWatchDownload
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Introduction / History
The Beja are a group of nomadic shepherds who live scattered across the desert regions of Sudan, Egypt, and Eritrea. The Beja are an important people group and represent the largest non-Arabic ethnic group between the Nile River and the Red Sea. They are an assertive people with small, strong, wiry frames, long noses, and oval faces.

The Beja are said to be the descendants of Noah's grandson, Cush (son of Ham). They are a native African people who have occupied their current homelands for more than 4,000 years. During that time, they adopted their Islamic religion. The Beja in Sudan are divided into four tribes: the Hadendowa, the Amarar, the Ababda, and the Beni Amer. They inhabit over 110,000 square miles (284,800 square km) in eastern Sudan. Their native language is called Bedawiya, although many are also fluent in Arabic or Tigre.

What are their lives like?
The semi-tropical climate of Sudan is influenced by the hot, dry air from the Sahara and Arabian Deserts. The southern part of the country only gets about 10-15 inches (250-380 mm) of rainfall a year. The Beja are traditionally nomadic shepherds who migrate annually with their herds. In the north, small groups of nomads raise flocks of sheep, goats, camels, and cattle. Some of the Beja have become more settled and engage in some farming, usually sorghum. The farmers who live along the Red Sea Coast and the Atbarah River raise commercial crops such as cotton and grains, while herding their flocks.

The Beja nomads live in portable tents that are put up and dismantled by the women. The tents are curved in shape and are made of woven palm fronds. The more settled farmers live in mud-walled houses.

The daily diet of the Beja consists of dairy products (especially camel's milk), beef, and some grain. They traditionally wore animal skin clothes; however, today, they wear manufactured clothing. They are dependent on cash to purchase clothes and other desired goods. Their view of the "good life" is to have large herds and to live in green, well-watered pastures.

The Beja are divided into clans. They are named after their ancestors, and the line of descent is traced through the males. Each clan has its own pastures and water sites that may be used by others with permission. Clans vary from one to twelve families. Disputes between clans are often settled by traditional Beja law; but most day-to-day affairs are managed by the heads of the families. The Beja are a hospitable people, always showing kindness to other clans; however, they are not necessarily friendly to foreigners.

The Beja prefer cross-cousin marriages. After a marriage contract has been made, a large gift of livestock, clothing, and other goods is given to the bride's family. The goal of young couples is to have many male children and to acquire a great number of female camels. Only the wealthiest Beja have more than one wife.

What are their beliefs?
Virtually all of the Beja are Muslims; however, they practice what is known as "folk Islam." Their beliefs are interwoven with a rich variety of traditional beliefs. For example, they believe that men have the power to curse others by giving them the "evil eye." They also believe in wicked jinnis (spirits capable of taking on animal forms) and other invisible spirits. They believe that evil spirits can cause sickness, madness, and accidents. They have adopted many Islamic practices such as repeating prayers, but these prayers are not largely understood.

What are their needs?
There are only a small handful of Beja believers. Evangelistic tools, added laborers, and increased intercession are the keys to reaching them with the Gospel of Christ.

Prayer Points
Ask God to raise up prayer teams that will break up the ground through worship and intercession.
Pray for God to speed the completion of evangelistic materials into the Bedawiya language.
Ask the Holy Spirit to grant favor to missions agencies currently ministering to the Beja.
Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the people toward Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
Ask the Lord to raise up strong fellowships of believers among the Beja.
* Pray for completion of Bible translation in this people group's primary language.

View Beja, Bedawi in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-12-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-12-13
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Prayer Links
Beja People Video
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Country: Egypt
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, North and Middle East
Persecution Rank:35 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Southeast, Al Bahr al Ahmar Governorate; east coast, Red Sea, from just north of Marsa al ’Alam south to administrative boundary.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Beja, Bedawi
People Name General: Beja, Bedawi
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 101211
Joshua Project People ID: 10766
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 88,000
Population all Countries: 2,789,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Horn of Africa Peoples
People Cluster: Beja
People Name General: Beja, Bedawi
Ethnic Code: CMT33z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Bedawiyet
Language Code (ISO): bej    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Bisharin
Dialect Code:7909
Secondary Languages:
Arabic, Sudanese Spoken: (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2008-2010
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Film / VideoBeja peoples video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Bedawiyet
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralGospel resources links
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Network:North American Beja Partnership
Contact David at [email protected]
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Beja, Bedawi in Egypt

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Beja     Africa, North and Middle East    
      Beja, Bedawi Egypt    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Beja, Bedawi in Egypt          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Bedawiyet  
    All Religions                              

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