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Fernandino Creole in Equatorial Guinea

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Fernandino Creole in Equatorial Guinea map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
12,000 Equatorial Guinean Pidgin Christianity 99.00 % 4.00 % No   

Fernandino Creole in Equatorial Guinea

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Introduction / History
The Criollos, Krio or Pidginglis speakers of Bioko Island, represent a small percentage of the population of Equatorial Guineans (EG), in West Africa. Although their language, an English-based Creole, is spoken by tens of thousands of EG as a trade language, this People Profile is focusing on the mother tongue speakers of Pidginglis (Krio) as a distinct people group.

In 1827 the British established the city of Clarence (later called Santa Isabel by the Spaniards and Malabo by the Equatorial Guineans).

The city was settled by English colonialists, 30 Sierraleonese, and 100 krumanes from Cabo Palmas. The majority of these African settlers had been liberated from slaving ships, and they were already speaking the English Creole of Freetown. At that time the island of Bioko was called Fernando Po, (named after its Portuguese explorer),and thus these new residents came to be called Fernandinos, or Criollos because of their Creole language.

As a result of Spanish colonization, the majority of Criollos are at least nominally Roman Catholic. There are about 20 evangelical believers, but there are no Pidginglis churches, and there are no missionaries dedicated to reaching the Criollos within their language and culture.

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Country: Equatorial Guinea
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Bioko Norte and Bioko Sur provinces: North central Bioko Island, Fernando Po, Malabo area; Musola, Las Palmas, Sampaca, Basupu, Fiston, and Balueri de Cristo Rey.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Fernandino Creole
People Name General: Fernandino Creole
ROP3 Code: 115097
Joshua Project People ID: 19219
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 12,000
Population all Countries: 12,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Sub-Saharan African, other
People Name General: Fernandino Creole
Ethnic Code: NAN58
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Equatorial Guinean Pidgin (12,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): fpe    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Sub-division:Roman Catholic
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity99.00 %(Evangelical: 4.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious1.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent10.00 %
Protestant15.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic75.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Yes
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Equatorial Guinean P ...
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Fernandino Creole in Equatorial Guinea

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Sub-Saharan African, other     Africa, West and Central    
      Fernandino Creole Equatorial Guinea    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Fernandino Creole in Equatorial Guinea          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Equatorial Guinean Pidgin  
    All Religions                              

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