People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Tigre, Eritrean in Eritrea

Tigre, Eritrean

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Tigre, Eritrean in Eritrea map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
706,000 Tigre Islam 0.09 % 0.06 % No   

Tigre, Eritrean in Eritrea

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The Tigre are traditionally nomadic shepherds who live in Eritrea and northeastern Sudan. They are distinguished from other regional peoples by the fact that they possess hereditary slaves. Historically, most of the Tigre have been scattered between Eritrea's northern highlands and western lowlands. They have somewhat shifted into Sudan in search of water and grazing lands.

The Tigre, descendants of the ancient Egyptians, are generally tall and have narrow noses and brown skin. Most of the Tigre converted to Islam during the 1800s, influenced by Muslim Arab missionaries. Since their language, Tigre, has no script of its own, most literate Tigre write in Arabic. The Tigre in Eritrea have suffered from recent droughts, famine, and civil war. Although many are still nomads, most are semi-nomadic; others have become settled farmers.

What are their lives like?
The nomadic Tigre raise cattle, goats, sheep, and camels. These animals are sold in the markets, and the earnings are used to buy essential items. The nomads do not live in villages but roam about the countryside with their herds. They live in round huts, usually covered with mats made of woven goat or camel hair.

The semi-nomadic Tigre usually spend half the year in the northern highlands and the other half in the western lowlands. Their villages usually have only two or three huts. Their huts are also round and are covered with mats made of woven goat hair. They also tend livestock, usually cattle and goats.

The settled Tigre farmers raise corn, sorghum, wheat, barley, legumes, and linseed. They live in villages, and their homes are usually round with cone-shaped roofs made of branches and leaves. The walls are typically made of palm mats. Most of the farmers raise goats and, occasionally, cattle. Oxen, mules, and donkeys are used as pack animals. With unpredictable amounts of rainfall and families averaging seven children, many Tigre are dependent on government aid for survival.

The Tigre's traditional animal skin clothing has now been almost entirely replaced with commercial clothes. Their diet consists of dairy products, fruit, grain, and some slaughtered stock. The men tend the livestock while the women carry water from local water holes, build the huts, and care for the children. Tigre women like to wear jewelry, especially silver bracelets and strings of pearls. They also prefer to make their clothing from colored cloth, which is available at trading markets. Tobacco, coffee, and beer are frequent indulgences.

Tigre society is patrilineal, which means that the line of descent is traced through the males. Marriages are arranged by the parents; however, wedding customs have varied somewhat since the Tigre converted to Islam. Some of the people now adhere to Islamic customs, while others continue to follow the traditional customs. Members of a tribe usually follow the same set of rites and customs.

What are their beliefs?
Although the Tigre profess to be Sunni Muslims, most of them practice folk Islam, which is a blend of Islam and ethnic beliefs. Their traditional beliefs include animal sacrifices and rain making rituals. Sacrifices of livestock or corn are offered whenever they think their sins are numerous. They believe that the sacrifice becomes the scapegoat for their sins.

The Tigre also believe in an evil spirit named Zar, who possesses people and causes accidents, illnesses, and sometimes death. The people depend on shamans (priests) to cure the sick, communicate with the spirits, and control events. The shamans also exorcise demons and perform services by entering into a trance.

What are their needs?
Only a few Tigre have accepted Christ. Prayer is the key to reaching this people group with the Gospel.

Prayer Points
* Pray for God to grant His favor and wisdom to missions agencies focusing on the Tigre.
* Ask the Lord to call additional long-term workers to live and work among them.
* Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect the few known Tigre Christians in Eritrea.
* Pray that the Lord will give these converts boldness to share Jesus with their own people.
* Pray for the Holy Spirit to anoint the Gospel as it goes forth via the Jesus film among the Tigre.
* Ask God to call forth prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through intercession.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Tigre of Eritrea.

View Tigre, Eritrean in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-12-27
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-01-27
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-01-19
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-01-11
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-01-26
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-10-02
  Submit Update:
Country: Eritrea
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, East and Southern
Persecution Rank:7 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Anseba, Gash Barka, Semenawi K‘eyih Bahri regions. Widespread except in Debubawi K’eyih Bahri.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
Submit Map:
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Tigre, Eritrean
People Name General: Tigre, Eritrean
Alternate People Names:
EritreanKhasa
Tigre XasaXasa
ROP3 Code: 110051
Joshua Project People ID: 15482
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 706,000
Population all Countries: 782,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Horn of Africa Peoples
People Cluster: Ethio-Semitic
People Name General: Tigre, Eritrean
Ethnic Code: CMT34c
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Tigre (706,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): tig    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.09 %(Evangelical: 0.06 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam95.00 % 
Non-Religious4.91 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent15.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox80.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic5.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1889-1981
New Testament:
1902-1931
Complete Bible: 1988
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Tigre
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
 
 
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Tigre, Eritrean in Eritrea

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Ethio-Semitic     Africa, East and Southern    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Tigre, Eritrean Eritrea    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tigre, Eritrean in Eritrea          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Tigre  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=ER&peo3=15482