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Krio, Creole in Guinea

Krio, Creole

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,700 Krio Christianity 80.00 % 3.00 %   

Krio, Creole in Guinea

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Introduction / History
The Krios (Sierra Leone Creole) are descendants of West Indian slaves from the Caribbean (primarily Jamaica) and freed slaves from the United States who landed in Freetown at the beginning of the nineteenth century. They were subjects of the British crown and enjoyed its protection as nationals.

The majority of the Krios are actually returned slaves. They wer returned after the abolition of Slavery by the Brits, curbing the transatlantic slave trade. Because of being returned from slave ships a lot of Krios have a possible Yoruba connection and you will find a lot of Krios with Yoruba names.

Tthe first group were freed slaves from US, who had settled in Nova Scotia but most died when they arrived in Sierra Leone. A few were the Maroons from Jamaica and after a failed uprising were sent to Sierra Leone. Maroons continue to maintain their culture in Sierra Leone.

They speak Krio, a mixture of English and African languages. It also includes other languages, including French and Spanish/Portuguese.

Where are they located?
They live mostly in Freetown and surrounding areas as well as Gambia, Guinea, Senegal, United Kingdom and the United States. In the United States they are mostly settled in Washington DC, Maryland, Virginia, Texas, New York, Georgia, California and North Carolina.

Gambian Creoles are generally a separate group.

What are their lives like?
Meals are usually based on the day of the week. Foofoo and a type of plasas (leafy vegetable sauce) is often eaten on Saturday. The plasas is made with palm oil except for wet soup (white soup). Other types of plasas: okra dried or fresh, bitter leaf, sawasawa, kreinkrein, shakpa among others. Foofoo is not spicy but the plasas sauce is. Tripe is often used. Sunday dinner is jollof rice and stew or couscous and stew or groundnut soup and white rice, usually with a salad and plantains. Awujoh meals on Friday or to commemorate events are beans, plantain, accara, olele, white sweet potato cooked in palm oil (some can be cooked in oil also, generally a more recent incorporation) Other foods may be cassava leaves and potato leaves.

What are their beliefs?
Most Krios are Christians, though they some also follow traditional beliefs. A very small number of Krios are Muslims--mostly women who marry with other local tribesmen who are Muslims. Aku Rio are Muslim.

What are their needs?
Krios are actually one of the most educated groups in Sierra Leone. It is the result of the unfortunate history with the Brits using them during the colonial era. Either way, education is very important to Krios.

View Krio, Creole in all countries.

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Country: Guinea
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
10/40 Window: Yes
Submit Map:
Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Krio, Creole
People Name General: Krio
Alternate People Names:
English CreoleEurafrican Creole
Sierra LeoneanSierra Leonian Creole
ROP3 Code: 105310
Joshua Project People ID: 11244
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 2,700
Population all Countries: 874,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Sub-Saharan African, other
People Name General: Krio
Ethnic Code: NAN58
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Krio (2,700 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): kri    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Christianity
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity80.00 %(Evangelical: 3.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam10.00 % 
Non-Religious10.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1987-1992
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2013
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Krio
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoWalk with Jesus (Africa, JF Project)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Krio, Creole in Guinea

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Sub-Saharan African, other     Africa, West and Central    
      Krio Guinea    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Krio, Creole in Guinea          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Krio  
    All Religions                              

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