People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Malay, Singkil in Indonesia

Malay, Singkil

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Malay, Singkil in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
73,000 Batak Karo Islam 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Malay, Singkil in Indonesia

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The Singkil people live in the southwestern part of Aceh Province, South Aceh Regency, in the areas of Singkil, Simpang Kiri, Simpang Kanan and Pulau Banyak. The Singkil area borders on North Sumatra Province. The Singkil people are thought to be a mixture of the Mandailing, Aceh, Minangkabau and Nias peoples. Singkil oral mythology provides insight into the origins of the Singkil people. Their language is called Pesisir Singkil and is influenced by the Minangkabau and Batak languages. There are actually two different groups who called themselves the Singkil: The Ulu people who speak Kade-Kade and those who speak the Ba'Apo language. The two groups live side by side in Singkil, the Ba'Apo in the center of the port and the Kade-Kade on the outskirts.

What are their lives like?
The main source of income for the Singkil is farming and fishing. Some work as day laborers and craftsmen. Others make a living by processing nipa palm leaves and fruit that grow along the rivers and in the swamps. Nipa leaves are used to make roof thatch and cigarette wrapping and the fruit can be eaten. The Singkil live in villages on the coast, along the rivers and in the hills. The Singkil River is important in local daily life and is used for drinking water, bathing, dumping trash and river transportation. Singkil houses are built on wooden stilts about three meters off the ground. Togetherness and strong family ties are important in the Singkil people's way of life. Their life is regulated by traditional culture and Islamic laws. Cultural and religious leaders are very influential and respected in the community. The main traditional political institution in the community is called ninik-mamak. This institution functions not only in cultural affairs but also in solving village government problems. Ninik-mamak consists of older people and those chosen as elders, such as the kepala mukim (district head), pemuka adat (cultural leader) and khatib (preacher). The Singkil have a patrilineal kinship system, meaning that they trace descent from the father. The smallest kinship group is the nuclear family. The extended family is called dulsanak. They also have clans, which are made up of several extended families. The largest Singkil clans are the Beramu and Tinambunan clans. One must marry outside one's own clan. In recent years there have been two natural disasters: a tsunami and an earthquake. During the 2004 tsunami that destroyed the west coast beach of Aceh, the Singkil were spared from the greal wall of water, however the earthquake that caused the tsunami did many different kinds of damage to the Singkil. While the people were spared from the tsunami wave, it did, however cause fear in the community. However, the Nias Island earthquake caused significant damage to Singkil town. The elevation of the land sank as much as one meter in places and many houses were destroyed, but no lives were lost. Because of the earthquake, many locals moved from Singkil town to higher areas.

What are their beliefs?
The Singkil people follow Islam, although some of them still trust in the spirits of their ancestors and religious leaders that have died. Places that are considered sacred include the grave of Abdul Rauf, a great religious teacher. The Singkil people also regularly seek the services of a shaman.

What are their needs?
The Singkil people are looking for economic advancement as they try to find ways to earn higher income. Many do not understand the complexities of their economic situation. For most Singkil, improvement of agriculture and fishing enterprises would also be very beneficial. Clean water is quite difficult for most Singkil to obtain especially those living in swamp area and or the sea.

View Malay, Singkil in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-05-21
  Submit Update:
Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Sumatera Utara Province, Langkat, Deli Serdang, Karo, and Dairi regencies west and northwest of Lake Toba; south, small border area in Tapanuli Tengah regency; also in southern Aceh Province, small enclave in Aceh Tenggara regency; south, parts of Kota Subulussalam, Aceh Selatan, and Aceh Singli regencies.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
Submit Map:
Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Malay, Singkil
People Name General: Malay, Singkil
Alternate People Names:
Batak KaroKaro Batak
Pesisir Singkil
ROP3 Code: 101125
Joshua Project People ID: 10720
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 73,000
Population all Countries: 73,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Aceh of Sumatra
People Name General: Malay, Singkil
Ethnic Code: MSY44b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Batak Karo (73,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): btx    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Singkil
Dialect Code:7858
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions10.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam90.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1910-1951
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1987-2003
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Batak Karo
Text / Printed MatterBible: Today's Batak Karo Bible
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Malay, Singkil in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Aceh of Sumatra     Asia, Southeast    
      Malay, Singkil Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Malay, Singkil in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Batak Karo  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: