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Batak, Toba in Indonesia

Batak, Toba

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,476,000 Batak Toba Christianity 97.00 % 21.24 %   

Batak, Toba in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Batak Toba are the indigenous people of the Batak highlands of the west coast of the Indonesian province of North Sumatera.

Where are they located?
Most of the Batak Toba live in their traditional homeland called the Bonapasogit, which consists of the Toba Samosir, Samosir, Humbang Hasundutan and North Tapanuli regencies. Some of them migrate to other areas of North Sumatera, particularly to the cities Medan, Pematangsiantar and Sibolga. Nowadays, many of them leave their traditional homeland to work/study, either within Indonesia or abroad.

What are their lives like?
Most of the Batak Toba who live in their traditional homeland are farmers. Many of those who live outside their traditional homelands are angkot (minibus) drivers, coach drivers, lorry drivers, chauffeurs, loan sharks and even street criminals. Many of the educated Batak Toba who live outside their traditional homelands are teachers, lecturers or lawyers.

What are their beliefs?
Today, most of the Batak Toba are Christians, with a small number of them who already converted to Islam. Christianity in the traditional homeland of the Batak Toba people was spread by European missionaries during the late 19th centuries. Despite being Christian, many Batak people still perform pagan rituals, such as the bona taon (clan gathering).

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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:47 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Central Sumatera Utara Province, Simalungan, Asahan, Labuhan Batu Utara, Toba Samosir, Tapanuli Utara, Samosir, Humbang Hasundutan, and south Tapanuli Tengah regencies; Samosir island; east, south, and west of Lake Toba.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Batak, Toba
People Name General: Batak, Toba
Alternate People Names:
BattaSilindung Batak
Toba Batak
ROP3 Code: 101128
Joshua Project People ID: 10723
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,476,000
Population all Countries: 2,477,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Batak-Nias of Sumatra
People Name General: Batak, Toba
Ethnic Code: MSY44b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Batak Toba (2,476,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): bbc    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Sub-division:Protestant
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity97.00 %(Evangelical: 21.24 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam3.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent5.00 %
Protestant95.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a significant presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 5   Greater than or equal to 5% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1859-1885
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1894-2002
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Portions
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Batak Toba
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Text / Printed MatterBible: Bible
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Batak, Toba in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Batak-Nias of Sumatra     Asia, Southeast    
      Batak, Toba Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Batak, Toba in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Batak Toba  
    All Religions                              

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