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Bonerate in Indonesia


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Bonerate in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
15,000 Bonerate Islam 0.05 % 0.00 % No No   

Bonerate in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Bonerate live on the islands of Bonerate, Madu, Lalaotoa, Karompa and Selayar in the South Sulawesi Province. These islands are part of the districts of Bonerate, Passimasungu (North Bonerate) and Passimasungu (North Bonerate) and Passimarane in the Selayar Regency. Bonerate Island is in a very remote location. The journey from the South Sulawesi capital of Makassar takes 2-3 days. The first part of the trip is a ferry ride to Benteng on Selayar Island and the second part involves renting a fishing boat since there is no public transportation to Bonerate. Their primary language is the Bonerate language, which is made up of two dialects, Bonerate and Karompa. The Bonerate language is part of a larger linguistic grouping called the Muna-Buton which also includes the East Buton (Kumbewaha and Lasalimu), Cia Cia, Kaimbulawa, Busoa, Wakatobi (Tukang Besi North and Tukang Besi South).

What are their lives like?
There has been a steady population drain from Bonerate due to people moving to other parts of Sulawesi, such as Makassar, Kendari and Toli-Toli. The Bonerate typically move to Makassar to seek a better education and employment. Quite a few Bonerate have become cloth and bread sellers in urban markets. Many have migrated to Toli-toli and Kendari with the hope of receiving broader, more fertile farmland for a cheaper price. The Bonerate people make a living primarily through fishing and farming. The primary crops are cassava, sweet potatoes, cloves and sago palm. These are grown organically. Bonerate farmers struggle to grow other types of vegetables because the land is too dry. Vegetables are brought in from other islands. They also eat marine food such as seaweed, teripang, lola and bole-bole. The main foods of the Bonerate are cassava, sago and sweet potatoes. Bonerate houses are built on raised platforms with a vacant space underneath used for storage. Houses are neatly arranged in rows, with two rows of houses as long as the island. One row of houses is nicer due to differing levels of income. Bathing and bathroom needs are carried out on the shoreline.

What are their beliefs?
The majority of Bonerate people are Muslims who are also influenced by strong animistic beliefs. Primarily, they believe that a powerful spirit inhabits the sea. When heavy winds and high waves occur, the people often believe that this ruler of the sea is angry. Various ceremonies and rituals are used to pacify the sea spirit.

What are their needs?
A well known asset of the Bonerate is the National Takabonerate Park. This park spreads over 220,000 hectares, which includes 21 small islands near the Flores sea. The Atol Takabonerate is the third largest atol (circular coral reef) in the world after Kwajifein Atol in the Marshal islands and the Suvadiva Atol in the Maldives. Sea transportation is inadequate to reach this atol that might offer a million dazzling enchantments. A large port is needed that could accommodate large ships and smaller boats which could make the trip into these islands. The presence of a port would facilitate the sea crossing between Selayar and Kupang in East Nusa Tenggara. If this could be made available, it would help mobility and spur economic growth in this area.

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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Sulawesi Selatan Province. Selayer island group; Bonerate, Madu, Kalaotoa, and Karompa islands.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Bonerate
People Name General: Bonerate
ROP3 Code: 101593
Joshua Project People ID: 10933
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 15,000
Population all Countries: 15,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Tukangbesi of Sulawesi
People Name General: Bonerate
Ethnic Code: MSY44q
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Bonerate (15,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): bna    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.05 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.95 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent15.00 %
Protestant70.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic15.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 0   No evangelical Christians or churches. No access to major evangelical print, audio, visual, or human resources
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Bonerate in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Tukangbesi of Sulawesi     Asia, Southeast    
      Bonerate Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Bonerate in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Bonerate  
    All Religions                              

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