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Enim in Indonesia


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Enim in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
137,000 Malay, Central Islam 1.00 % 0.01 %   

Enim in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Enim people group live in the districts of Ujan Mas, Muara Enim, Tanjung Agung and Lawang Kidul in the Muara Enim Regency. In the Ujan Mas and Muara Enim districts, they live alongside a small number of Lematang people. The majority of Enim people live along a section of the Trans-Sumatra Highway stretching from Muara Enim City to Muara Meo Village in Tanjung Agung District, which borders the Ogan people group. The Enim area borders the Semendo people group at Talang Abib Village in Tanjung Agung district. The boundary between the Enim area and the Ogan and Semendo people groups is distinct. On the other hand, because Enim and Lematang people live side by side, most noticeably in the regency's capital city of Muara Enim, the distinction between Enim and Lematang areas is not clear.

What are their lives like?
Most of the Enim who live in villages make a living by collecting sand and rocks from river beds, which can be sold. Some Enim travel around the area selling sand and rocks while others wait for buyers at their kiosks. Those with a primary school education or lower usually do this work. Another common activity is harvesting firewood from the forest. Dry wood is collected and split into smaller pieces. Another common profession among the Enim is working as a nabah para or nabah balam who taps rubber trees to obtain the sap. The family's oldest son, who is regarded as having the most rights to the inheritance, usually inherits wealth left behind by parents. However the father may also choose to divide the inheritance between his sons. Daughters do not receive inheritance rights because they are considered to have been bought by their husbands at the time they are married. As a result, a woman's inheritance comes from her husband alone. Marriage is carried out according to Islamic principles. There are three forms of Enim marriage. The first is Tanam Batu, which means that the groom joins the bride's family. The second is Kepalaking, which means that the bride joins the groom's family. The third is Tambe Anak Samarizing, which means that the bride and groom can live in the place they prefer, so there is no tie to either family. The Enim are very open to newcomers. This characteristic is referred to as Serasan Sekundang (lit., like family), or Sesama Teman (lit., friends together). This means that Enim people are free to form relationships with anyone regardless of ethnic or religious background. This openness has led to many mixed marriages with people of other ethnic and religious backgrounds.

What are their beliefs?
The Enim people are nearly all followers of Islam, which has been handed down from one generation to the next. The Enim follow Islam because their ancestors chose it, but some Enim people still practice the traditional beliefs of their ancestors as well. The Enim believe that they originated from a supernatural being that lives in the forest. Heaven and hell are understood to mean that which is good or bad in this world. Heaven means having a good or comfortable life. Hell means a difficult or unpleasant life.

What are their needs?
More access to education could benefit the Enim people in today's era of globalization. Increased efficiency in farming and management of livestock could also improve their quality of life. Additionally, development in the Enim area faces barriers in that reliable electricity and sufficient clean water are not currently available.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-06-03
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-06-25
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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Sumatra island, Sumatera Selatan Province; east down Lematang and Ogan river valleys, south of Muaraenim town, east and southeast of Lahat town; Bengkulu Province; central Bukit Barisan highlands west to Indian Ocean along Bengkulu coast; Lampung Province, 4 separate enclaves.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Enim
People Name General: Enim
ROP3 Code: 102929
Joshua Project People ID: 11142
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 137,000
Population all Countries: 137,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Ogan of Sumatra
People Name General: Enim
Ethnic Code: MSY44k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Malay, Central (137,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pse    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Enim
Dialect Code:9634
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity1.00 %(Evangelical: 0.01 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam98.00 % 
Non-Religious1.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant100.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Yes
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Malay, Central
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Enim in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Ogan of Sumatra     Asia, Southeast    
      Enim Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Enim in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Malay, Central  
    All Religions                              

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