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Lampung Pesisir in Indonesia

Lampung Pesisir

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Lampung Pesisir in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
575,000 Lampung Api Islam 0.10 % 0.01 %   

Lampung Pesisir in Indonesia

People Group Video [7]
Source:  The Waiting WorldWatchDownload
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Introduction / History
The indigenous people who live primarily along the coastline of Lampung province are called the Lampung Pesisir (Coastal Lampung), or also sometimes the Lampung Peminggir (peminggir has the connotation of "outskirts"). They consist of four subgroups: 1) Peminggir Melinting Rajabasa in Labuhan Meringgai and around Rajabasa Kalianda area; 2) Peminggir Teluk in Teluk Betung area; 3) Peminggir Skala Brak in Liwa, Kenali, Pesisir Tengah, Pesisir Utara and Pesisir Selatan area; 4) Peminggir Semangka in Cukuh Balak, Talangpadang, Kotaagung and Wonosobo area. They speak a dialect of the Lampung Api language. The word api means "what?". There are two lines of cultural tradition within Lampung, namely Pepadun and Saibatin (which means "one leader"). Each subgroup of Lampung Pesisir has only one autonomous leader - a Prince or Sultan.

What are their lives like?
Most of the Lampung Pesisir work as farmers. Although they live on the seashore, very few work as fishermen. Lampung Pesisir homes have already begun to shift from the traditional, long elevated wooden homes built on thick poles to the concrete homes built at ground level typically found throughout Indonesia. Family structure for the Pesisir is still very strong with many regulations and formal relationship obligations. The definition of a family for the Pesisir has in view a large family made up of a father, a mother, children and grandchildren. The father is the leader of the home. The Lampung Pesisir are fairly open to interacting socially with outsiders. There are some who say that they would even adopt a child from another people group because they like to have large families. One of their life principles is Piil Pesenggiri, or "status/prestige must be guarded above all else." They generally live very simply, but they also enjoy receiving praise or recognition. They are not afraid to put out a lot of money for cultural festivals. They also often use prestige titles; for example, after marriage, men receive the title Adok and women receive the title Inai.

What are their beliefs?
The Lampung Pesisir are followers of Sunni Shafi'I Islam. Even so, some people believe that certain graves and other spots are sacred places and hold magical powers, like the well at Pitu. Some people also place certain symbols, like a cross mark made using lime chalk, above their doors, windows and gates. They believe that these symbols can scare away evil spirits. For example, these symbols are especially used when a woman in the home is in late-term pregnancy, in order to chase away spirits called kuntilanak (a female zombie-like creature believed to be a woman who died in childbirth). There are a few Lampung Pesisir who have become Christians. Most of their extended families treat them harshly and attempt to deter them from converting. If they do convert, their families will continually try to get them return to Islam. After a while, they usually are accepted by the family again even though they are Christians.

What are their needs?
Opportunities for education and work are the greatest needs for the Lampung Pesisir people. They also need to be better prepared to enter the industrial era, especially to have a desire to make themselves competitive and to be able to live among a diverse population. More than ninety percent of the Pesisir population lives off of rice farming, although they primarily live along the coast. Training in wise use of marine resources would be very useful to improve their economic situation.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-06-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-06-06
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-06-07
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-10-25
Prayer Links
The Waiting World - The Lampungese
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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:33 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Southernmost Sumatra island, 3 provinces, many communities near or on Selat Sunda, west, central, and south Lampung Province, regencies: Lampung Barat and Tanggamus, southwest coast and coastline around Semangko bay, Way Kanan, Lampung Utara, and Pringsewu, inland, southeast tip, Lampung Selatan, east coast of Lampung bay and nearby islands Sebuku, Sebesi, Tabuan, and Legundi; Sumatera Selatan Province, Ogan Komering Ulu Selatan, Ogan Komering Ulu Timur, and Ogan Komering Ulu regencies, near headwaters of Kanan river; south Bengkulu Province, Kaur regency.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Lampung Pesisir
People Name General: Lampung Pesisir
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 105625
Joshua Project People ID: 12976
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 575,000
Population all Countries: 575,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Lampung of Sumatra
People Name General: Lampung Pesisir
Ethnic Code: MSY44k
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Lampung Api (575,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ljp    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.10 %(Evangelical: 0.01 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.90 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1999-2000
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Lampung Api
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralGospel resources links
Text / Printed MatterBible: Lampung Api
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Lampung Pesisir in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Lampung of Sumatra     Asia, Southeast    
      Lampung Pesisir Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Lampung Pesisir in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Lampung Api  
    All Religions                              

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