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Makassar in Indonesia


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Makassar in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,395,000 Makasar Islam 1.00 % 0.02 %   

Makassar in Indonesia

People Group Video [7]
Source:  The Waiting WorldWatchDownload
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Introduction / History
The Makassar (also known as the Taena, Tena, or Goa) inhabit the southern part of the southwestern peninsula of Sulawesi. The heart of their area is Makassar, the capital city of the province of South Sulawesi. The Makassar also live in the Konjo highlands, the coastal areas and the Selayar and Spermo islands. They speak the language of Makassar which has three dialects Gowa: (Goa, Lakiung), Turatea (Jeneponto), Maros-Pangkep. Gowa is the most prestigious dialect. The Makasar language is part of a larger linguistic grouping called the Makasar which also includes the Konjo Pesisir (Konjo-coastal), Konjo Pegunungan (Konjohighland), Selayar, Bentong and Selayar.

What are their lives like?
The primary source of income among the Makassar is rice farming; however, they are also well known throughout Indonesia for their skill in trading and as fishermen. Their houses are often built on stilts, two meters above the ground. Makassar houses in the plains and beach areas are close to each other and those in the mountains are spread out. The fishermen living on the beaches build their houses in rows facing the sea or the main road. Villages like these are known kampung pajjaku (fishermen villages). Farmers build their houses around the fields and are known as kampung pamarri (farmer villages). Each village usually has a center (pecci tana) which formerly was considered a sacred place, marked by a sacred (banyan) tree. Division of labor among the Makassar is strict because of rigid separation of the sexes. Men are responsible for matters outside the house such as farming, working the plows and carrying rice bundles after the harvest. The household duties are assigned to women. The family structure is headed by the man. The wife and children must show respect for the head of the household while they are in public. Final decisions concerning the family are always the husband's responsibility. In rural locations, marriages are still arranged by the parents and/or close relatives. Communication between the prospective bride and groom is strictly prohibited. Polygamy (having multiple wives) is accepted; however, it is only practiced among the wealthy since a separate house must be provided for each wife. Siri (respect and honor) is the social code by which the Makassar live. Anyone seriously offending another person's siri runs the risk of being killed and the authorities will often refuse to become involved. The Makassar often work alongside their neighbors in matters of mutual concern, such building houses and working in the rice fields. They also gather for times of celebrations, such as birthdays and weddings.

What are their beliefs?
The Makassar are almost all Muslim. Nevertheless traditional beliefs are still influential, especially in the remote areas. They maintain beliefs in gods and ancestral spirits; giving ritual offerings in the required manner. They believe the ancestral spirits have a direct influence on their daily lives. Special ceremonies are held at the beginning of the planting and harvest seasons.

What are their needs?
Currently, the Makassar need training to increase their agricultural production. Medical personnel and nutritional information are also needed because nutrition is a common problem for those living in rural areas.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-07-05
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-06-04
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-06-10
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-06-29
Pray for Sulawesi
Prayer Links
The Waiting World - The Makassar
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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Sulawesi Selatan Province, southwest corner of the peninsula, most of Pangkajene Dan Kepulauan, Maros, Gowa, Bantaeng, Jeneponto, and Takalar regencies.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Makassar
People Name General: Makassar
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 106085
Joshua Project People ID: 13235
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,395,000
Population all Countries: 2,395,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Bugi-Makassar of Sulawesi
People Name General: Makassar
Ethnic Code: MSY44i
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Makasar (2,395,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mak    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Makassar
Dialect Code:702
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity1.00 %(Evangelical: 0.02 %)
Ethnic Religions2.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam97.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent10.00 %
Protestant60.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic30.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1864-1875
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1900-1999
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Makasar
Film / VideoSyamsul's Dream
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Makassar in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Bugi-Makassar of Sulawesi     Asia, Southeast    
      Makassar Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Makassar in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Makasar  
    All Religions                              

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