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Pancana in Indonesia


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Pancana in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
7,600 Pancana Islam 0.40 % 0.00 % No No   

Pancana in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Pancana people (also known as the Kapontori) live on Buton island, located in the eastern part of the Province of South-East Sulawesi. Analysis of their language points to a close connection between the Pancana people and the Cia-Cia and Muna people. The Pancana culture appears to have been influenced by their neighbours, the people of Muna and Maronene.

What are their lives like?
The primary means of livelihood for the Pancana people is farming, with corn as their primary crop. Other than corn, they also grow sweet potatoes, sugar cane, other vegetables, tobacco, and coffee. The Pancana people practice migratory agriculture (shifting from one field to another), mainly because they cannot maintain the soil's fertility in their existing fields due to inadequate farming methods. New farmland is opened by cutting down trees and burning the underbrush (this is the very common "slash-and-burn" method used by a wide variety of people groups throughout the Indonesian archipelago). Their houses are spread out over land that has been cleared for farming. Their houses are built on raised platforms 1.5-2 meters high. The Pancana make their houses out of plaited thatch with very high roofs. Most groups of people in Sulawesi are still familiar with different social classes in their social systems. The Pancana use the typical groupings of nobility, middle class, and common people. Usually, each respective class has its own customs, in addition to different traditions and habits. The privilege of owning land is decided by the community advisory committee, which has unconditional authority over all the land. The lineage of descent of the Pancana is patrilineal (tracing descent from the father). In Pancana marriages, the groom pays a bride price to her family. This price is determined by the groom's social status in the community; the higher his status, the higher the price. Before the marriage, the future husband must undergo a trial period by his future in-laws. However, this requirement is the main cause of many elopements. In the past, servants were not permitted to marry each other, but were permitted to live together. Women of the noble class also were not permitted to marry men from other social classes. Polygamy became popular among the nobility, but is rarely practiced anymore.

What are their beliefs?
Almost all Pancana people practice Sunni Islam. Even so, traditional beliefs and animism have an important role in their lives. They will often employ the services of a dukun (shaman/healer/occultist) for a variety of services, such as healing illnesses, cursing enemies, and bringing good fortune to individuals and the community.

What are their needs?
The development of education and health facilities are still great needs for the Pancana people group. They also need to be trained in the use of appropriate technology. The Pancana have inadequate opportunities to improve the scope and variety of jobs that are available to them. In order to improve health services for the community, they also need more medical attention, clinics and medical personnel.

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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Sulawesi Tenggara Province, central Buton island, both east and west coasts.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Pancana
People Name General: Pancana
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 107823
Joshua Project People ID: 14291
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 7,600
Population all Countries: 7,600
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Tukangbesi of Sulawesi
People Name General: Pancana
Ethnic Code: MSY44q
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Pancana (7,600 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pnp    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.40 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions40.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam59.60 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Pancana in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Tukangbesi of Sulawesi     Asia, Southeast    
      Pancana Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Pancana in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Pancana  
    All Religions                              

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