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Sula in Indonesia


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Sula in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
91,000 Sula Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Sula in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
Most Sula people live on the island of Sula, while some of them live on Mangole Island and in other parts of the Sula archipelago. Most of these islands are in the province of North Maluku. The Sula language has three dialects. The first, Fasei, is spoken in the villages in the southern part of Fasei Island. The second, Falahu, is spoken by the people in the villages of Falahu and Bega on the island of Sulabesi and in some communities on the island of Mangole. The third dialect, Fangudu, is spoken in other villages on the island of Sulabesi and villages scattered on the eastern and western ends of the island of Mangole. Three other languages are spoken by the community in the Sula area: Kadai, Mangole and Taliabu. All three are closely related to the Sula language. Some immigrants from South and Central Sulawesi also live in the Sula archipelago. The Sula language is part of a larger linguistic grouping called the Sula which also includes the Kadai, Taliabu and Mangole. In the distant past, the Sula archipelago was forcibly controlled by the Tidore Sultanate and Sulabesi became a port of call for spice traders. Long before Europeans knew of these "Spice Islands," tobacco from North Maluku and nutmeg from Central Maluku were being traded in other parts of Asia. With the coming of the Portuguese in 1511, extended conflict raged in this area. Finally the Dutch won this conflict and gained enormous profit from the spice trade, until its decline at the end of the eighteenth century.

What are their lives like?
The Sula archipelago has a tropical climate with a rainfall of 200-400 centimeters (79-156 inches) per year. A large part of the tropical rainforest which formerly blanketed most of the islands was felled when fields began to be cleared for farming. The Sula terrain also includes savannahs and mangrove beaches. The inhabitants of Sula make a living by hunting, fishing and gathering sago. Coconut trees are cultivated intensively and the primary export commodity is copra (coconut that has been dried to be processed into coconut oil). Other goods include products from the forest, spices and salt-water fish.

What are their beliefs?
The Sula people are followers of Islam. However they still maintain many traditional beliefs. They mix elements of traditional customs with Islam, such as saying ritual prayers at places they consider sacred – in order to receive healing or other needs. They also believe in guardian spirits which they believe can give assistance when called by a shaman.

What are their needs?
The people of Sula and the surrounding area need assistance to advance their community. To become more productive and efficient, the Sula community needs to be acquainted with appropriate technology. The unavailability of both formal and informal education leaves the Sula community lacking in opportunities to find work. The limited supply of electricity, clean water and health services also hinder development of the Sula community.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-06-16
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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Maluku Utara Province; Sula islands; Sulabesi island, widespread, scattered on Mangole island, east and west ends, north coast, Buru island, northeast coast.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Sula
People Name General: Sula
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 108631
Joshua Project People ID: 14718
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 91,000
Population all Countries: 91,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Maluku-Central
People Name General: Sula
Ethnic Code: MSY44v
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Sula (91,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): szn    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Sula in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Maluku-Central     Asia, Southeast    
      Sula Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Sula in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Sula  
    All Religions                              

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