People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Kangean in Indonesia


Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Kangean in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
124,000 Kangean Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Kangean in Indonesia

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The Kangean people are a group who live on the islands of Kangean. The Kangean island cluster consists of about 60 islands that spans 487 square kilometers. The largest islands, Pilat and Sapanjang, have an area of 188 square kilometers. The Kangean islands are situated about 120 kilometers east of the island of Madura and 115 kilometers north of the island of Bali. They use the Kangean language which is close to the Madura language.

What are their lives like?
People on the Kangean islands are known to be very friendly, polite and religious. The community speaks multiple dialects of the Madura language. The Kangean dialect is used for informal day-to-day interactions. Education on these islands has not progressed very far. Middle school is the highest a student can attend in the national school curriculum. There are no high schools. Many who have finished their education move to other islands such as Java, Sumatra or Kalimantan to continue their studies or seek employment. Travelers to the Kangean islands would see many bicycle taxis waiting for passengers as they step off the boats. There are also many people selling seafood items such as various types of fish, squid, etc. Most people's livelihood is centered on fishing, but there are also many farmers and traders. There has been some economic development in the Kangean island region, but the main form of transportation remains bicycle taxis or motorcycles. The fishermen use small carriages to transport their catch to the local markets. For daily needs, many items are bought from other islands such as Madura, Java and Bali. These commutes can last up to 18 hours one way. Most of the main roads on the island of Sapekan have been paved or asphalted. People can usually buy food that is sold on the other more developed islands, but the electric power supply is quite weak. The electricity usually is on only from the late afternoons until dawn.

A recent update comes from a gentleman who says that "the people seem to be more open, probably due to increased education. The language is much less of a problem now than before. Many more people speak Indonesian & English now. There are many newcomers, mostly Javanese. The economy is better now. It is now easy to find food late at night. There are more vehicles and motorbikes. There are many more students now. There seems to be a good money flow in Kangean. One big reason is because many men live in Malaysia & Singapore for their jobs and send money home to Kangean.

What are their beliefs?
Islam is the predominant religion among the Kangean. It was brought to this area from Java, but the Kangean people possess a culture quite different from Java and other surrounding islands. Because of this, the Islam expressed here looks quite different from the Islam practiced in other places. Although most Kangean people would call themselves Muslim, animism is at the heart of their faith. Many of the people practice cultural rituals, believe in supernatural numbers, magic, etc. This is their way of expressing Islam in their cultural context.

What are their needs?
There are several needs of the Kangean people; electricity and education top the list. Most people only have a small battery for power during the daylight hours and many wait and hope for the electricity to be turned on at night. Children can only attend school until 7th or 8th grade. If the family can afford it, the children are sent to other islands to attend high school. Education remains one of their biggest felt needs. The largest need there is spiritual. The people of the Kangean islands have little or no access to the Gospel. They live in fear every day, hoping to appease the spirit world. They are afraid that something bad will happen to them if they do not appease these spirits every day. Many of them have rituals or practices to help them overcome this problem, but they still live in fear that it is not enough. Islam also does not offer any hope of salvation or overcoming this fear of the spirit world.

Additional information: anonymous e-mail communication.

View Kangean in all countries.

Prayer Links
  Submit Update:
Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Java island, Jawa Timur Province, sea coast; Kangean islands, east of Madura island.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
Submit Map:
Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Kangean
People Name General: Kangean
ROP3 Code: 114384
Joshua Project People ID: 18746
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 124,000
Population all Countries: 124,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Madura of Java
People Name General: Kangean
Ethnic Code: MSY44h
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Kangean (124,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): kkv    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Kangean in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Madura of Java     Asia, Southeast    
      Kangean Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kangean in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Kangean  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: