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Banten in Indonesia


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Banten in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
3,194,000 Sunda Islam 0.08 % 0.08 %   

Banten in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
When Indonesians hear "Banten", they often think of a variety of mystical arts. The Banten are basically Sunda people who have had a different identity since the 15th century establishment of the Banten Kingdom, which broke off from the Padjajaran Kingdom of West Java. The Banten live in Banten Province in the southwest of the island of Java. Currently, most Banten live in the regencies of Pandeglang, Serang, Lebak, and western Tangerang, as well as the cities of Cilegon and Serang. Since 2000, Banten has become its own province, separate from West Java. The Banten speak a dialect of the Sunda language. This dialect is regarded as less polite and less sophisticated than the dialect spoken by Sunda living in West Java.

What are their lives like?
The Banten grow rice and other crops such as coffee, cloves, jengkol beans, bananas, and durian (a fruit with pungent odor and thick, spiky shell). Cooperative groups work the land. One type of group is the royongan; in the royongan workers are not paid directly. Instead, their wages are pooled and saved by the community elder to be used for the repair of the mosque and Muslim prayer houses.

Another form of cooperative work is called liliuran, which is helping one another work the rice field without any expectation of payment. Cooperative work arrangements are also used for repairing roads, bridges, and other public facilities. This cooperative work is required of all community members, and any household who does not participate is assessed a fine.

The Banten leadership is composed of three elements: formal leaders (umaroh), Muslim religious leaders (ulama), and leaders of the traditions and culture (jawara). These three groups play an important role in forming the local political system. The village's kinship relationships are cultivated and developed by the village leaders, who are very respected and honored. Other village matters are handled by the leaders who take care of matters related to administration, irrigation, logistics, and religion.

Ancient Banten is still of great interest, particularly for historians and archaeologists, as it is one of the famed kingdoms of the past. Banten has many tourist attractions, such as a nature preserve and the great Mosque of Banten, where the tombs of Banten's sultans are placed at the south and north of the mosque. A nine-level rock (15 meters high) is reportedly a relic from the Megalithic Era. As a tourism area, Banten is open to the outside world, but their traditions and culture are still protected.

What are their beliefs?
From the 15th century establishment of the Sultanate of Banten until today, the majority of the Banten have been Muslims. They are faithful Muslims, but still practice black magic and occult power. This can be seen in the famous art of Banten known as debus: through the use of certain mantras the body of a practitioner can be made invulnerable to physical blows, fire, and sharp objects. Many people from different regions of Indonesian come to Banten to learn these spells or to ask for help. The Banten are known as people who have great occult knowledge.

What are their needs?
Most Banten make their living as farmers or merchants. In both cases, they need to be prepared to face stiff competition in this modern era. They need better educational facilities, as well as joint business ventures with outside companies to achieve a higher level of competitiveness. Additionally, the Banten living in remote areas such as Panjang Island in Banten Bay need development to overcome poverty.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-06-02
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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Banten and West Java provinces: western third of Java; Central Java province: Cilacap regency.
(Source: Ethnologue 2018)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Banten
People Name General: Banten
ROP3 Code: 116472
Joshua Project People ID: 21464
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 3,194,000
Population all Countries: 3,194,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Sunda-Betawi of Java
People Name General: Banten
Ethnic Code: MSY44n
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Sunda (3,194,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): sun    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Banten
Dialect Code:16942
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.08 %(Evangelical: 0.08 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam99.92 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1854-1998
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1891-2002
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoCreation to Christ
Film / VideoFather's Love Letter
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Sunda
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Banten in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Sunda-Betawi of Java     Asia, Southeast    
      Banten Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Banten in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Sunda  
    All Religions                              

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