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Pakpak Boang in Indonesia

Pakpak Boang

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Pakpak Boang in Indonesia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
21,000 Batak Dairi Islam 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Pakpak Boang in Indonesia

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Introduction / History
The Pakpak Boang live in Aceh Singkil Regency and the city of Subulussalam in Aceh Province. Their homes are near the banks of two large rivers which feed into the Singkil Sea: the Simpang Kanan River and the Simpang Kiri River.

People usually consider the Boang a subgroup of the Pakpak, so they are sometimes call the Pakpak Boang.

They speak the Dairi-Pakpak dialect of the Batak language. Sometimes the Pakpak Boang are called Singkil people. However there are actually two distinct native people groups in the Singkil area: the Malay and the Pakpak.

According to the Pakpak themselves, the Pakpak Boang are one of five clans of Pakpak people:

(1) Pakpak Klasen, who live in the Parlilitan district of Humbang Hasundutan Regency and the Manduamas district of Tapanuli Tengah Regency, North Sumatra.
(2) Pakpak Simsim, who live in Pakpak Bharat Regency, North Sumatra.
(3) Pakpak Boang, who live Aceh Province in Aceh Singkil Regency and the city of Subulussalam. This is the group sometimes misunderstood to be Singkil people.
(4) Pakpak Pegagan, who live in and near the Sumbul district in Dairi Regency, North Sumatra.
(5) Pakpak Keppas, who live in and near the city of Sidikalang in Dairi Regency, North Sumatra.

What are their lives like?
Most Pakpak make their living as farmers or fishermen, though some work as day laborers and craftsmen. Some Pakpak also earn their living processing the leaves and fruit of the nipa palm, which grows along the rivers and swamps. The nipa leaves are used to make thatched roofs and cigarette packs, while the nipa fruit can be eaten.

The Pakpak generally live in villages in coastal areas, along the banks of rivers and in hilly areas. The Singkil River plays an important role in the life of the local community. Its water can be used for drinking, bathing, trash removal, and transportation by water. Houses are usually built on a platform above wooden poles, about three meters above the ground.

The Pakpak Boang differ from other Pakpak clans in that they tend to live along riverbanks, like Malay people.

What are their beliefs?
Among the five Pakpak clans, the Pakpak Boang are the only Muslim group. The other four Pakpak clans are Christian (Protestant and Roman Catholic). This difference may be because Islam entered through water routes: sea and rivers, where the Pakpak Boang live.

Religious harmony is still a very sensitive issue in this area. The Pakpak Boang forbid the presence of church buildings in their area, even if it's a worship place for other Pakpak people.

What are their needs?
The Singkil Sea area has great potential for fishing and sea tourism. Abundance of fish and natural beauty with large waves could become tourist attractions if developed well.

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Country: Indonesia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:49 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Aceh province: Aceh Singkil regency; North Sumatra province: Dairi, Humbang Hasundutan, Pakpak Barat, Samosir, and Tapanuli Tengah regencies, Sidikalang town area south to coast.
(Source: Ethnologue 2018)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Pakpak Boang
People Name General: Pakpak Boang
ROP3 Code: 118278
Joshua Project People ID: 21466
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 21,000
Population all Countries: 21,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Malay Peoples
People Cluster: Batak-Nias of Sumatra
People Name General: Pakpak Boang
Ethnic Code: MSY44b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Batak Dairi (21,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): btd    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Pakpak
Dialect Code:4692
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1979
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1998
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Batak Dairi
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Pakpak Boang in Indonesia

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Batak-Nias of Sumatra     Asia, Southeast    
      Pakpak Boang Indonesia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Pakpak Boang in Indonesia          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Batak Dairi  
    All Religions                              

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