People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Munda in India


Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Munda in India map

Flash Map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
4,402,000 Mundari Hinduism 19.38 % Unknown   

Munda in India

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The Munda probably came to India from South East Asia hundreds of years ago. Most Munda live across northeast and central India. Most Indian Hindus see the Munda as outside the caste system. The Munda are one of the largest tribal people groups of India. They are one of the Scheduled Classes, which means the Munda are guaranteed places in education and government jobs. The Munda speak many different regional languages including their own language of Mundari, Assamese and Hindi. During the colonial period much of their land was taken away and they became agricultural workers tied to the land.

Where are they located?
The Munda live primarily in the northeast Indian states of Assam, Jharkand, Odisha and West Bengal.

What are their lives like?
The Munda have traditionally been farm laborers, woodcutters and basket weavers. They live in their own villages although some educated Munda have moved to the cities. They are endogamous, that is, they marry within their community. Society is patriarchal with older men ruling over the villages. A newly married couple lives with or near the husband's parents. Sons inherit land, houses and possessions. The main occupation of the Munda men and women is agriculture with most working fields owned by others. The Munda eat meat except for beef. Their main food is rice along with fruits and vegetables. The Munda have elaborate rituals to celebrate birth, death, engagement and marriage according to the Wikipedia article on the Munda.

What are their beliefs?
The majority of the Munda consider themselves Hindus. However, orthodox Hindus see the Munda as practicing a religion called Sarnaism, the religion of the holy woods or Sal trees. Followers of Sarnaism worship the Creator God, Dharmesh or Singbonga, and the Mother Earth Goddess, Chalapachho Devi. Those who practice Sarnaism worship in village temples or in sacred groves of Sal trees. Each village has one or more priests who lead in worship. A small percent of Munda call themselves Christians.

Prayer Points
Pray the Lord would lead Christian workers to become friends with the Munda and help them with their medical, educational and business needs.
Pray the Munda Christians would receive Bible and leadership training and be willing to share the gospel with their brothers and sisters.
Pray that Bible believing churches would be established among the Munda.

View Munda in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-11-08
  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:4,402,000
Largest States:
Assam (1,695,000)Jharkhand (1,459,000)
Odisha (662,000)West Bengal (432,000)
Arunachal Pradesh (20,000)Chhattisgarh (18,000)
Tripura (17,000)Bihar (16,000)
Madhya Pradesh (6,000)Manipur (2,700)
Submit Map:
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Munda
People Name General: Munda
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 106893
Joshua Project People ID: 13867
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 4,402,000
Population all Countries: 4,462,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Munda
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Mundari (1,059,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): unr    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Assamese (1,020,000)Hindi (463,000)
Munda (332,000)Bengali (308,000)
Odia (289,000)Santhali (65,000)
Ho (47,000)Kurux (44,000)
Chhattisgarhi (20,000)Sadri (16,000)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 53
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.05 % 
Christianity19.38 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism63.04 % 
Islam0.20 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.01 % 
Unknown17.32 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 6   Greater than or equal to 10% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1876-1965
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1910-2002
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Mundari
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Munda in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Munda India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Munda in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Mundari  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: