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Bodh (Buddhist traditions) in India

Bodh (Buddhist traditions)

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
116,000 Ladakhi Buddhism 0.35 % Unknown No   

Bodh (Buddhist traditions) in India

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According to a 1996 source, the Stod Bhoti language group live along the Stod, Khoksar and upper Mayar valleys in the Lahul region of Himachal Pradesh in northern India. The region has been described as having 'an inhospitable terrain with little vegetation as the area falls in the arid zone. It has very scanty rainfall. Stone boulders and loose rocks keep falling all over and on small patches of terraced fields, which are usually near the river beds.'

The classification of this small group is extremely problematic. In India the government has granted 'Scheduled Tribe' status to the 'Bhotia' and also the 'Bodh' of Himachal Pradesh. These two terms are generic names given to people of Tibetan origin across northern India and Nepal, and they are sometimes even used as a religious designation for all Buddhist people. It is said that the people who came from Tibet prior to 1962 are referred to as Bodhs, while those who have migrated across the border in the past forty years are called Tibetans. The total number of 'Bodh' people within the state at the time of the 1981 census was 22,635. These broad classifications, however, are of little value when trying to determine ethnic and linguistic divisions among the cold and remote mountains in the northern part of the state. Even the 2,500 people living in the three valleys given as the location of the Stod Bhoti (the Stod, Khoksar and Mayar valleys) may constitute three separate language groups and five sub-groups. Stod and Khoksar reportedly have 85 per cent mutual intelligibility, but Stod and Mayar only share 75 per cent intelligibility and there is a mere 62 per cent intelligibility between Khoksar and Mayar. Linguists say that there usually needs to be an 80 per cent mutual intelligibility between the speakers of two languages or dialects in order for them to be able to communicate in a meaningful manner.

Tibetan Buddhism is the preferred religion of all Stod Bhoti people in India, although Hindu influence is being seen more and more. The Stod Bhoti have their own monasteries, temples and lamas. The people are considered extremely superstitious and live in constant fear of evil spirits. They believe that they must vigilantly perform rituals and offerings to placate the deities—otherwise the spirit could take offence and bring disaster on their community.

One source summarized the religious practices of the Stod Bhoti as follows: 'The most learned of the lamas usually belong to the yellow sect and are called Bara Lama or giani (learned). [The Stod Bhoti] have a village deity known as Yu-la who is worshipped and propitiated by all for the welfare of the village. Every Buddhist household has a harsho (long pole) fixed in its courtyard with cloth tied around it. This is kept to ward off evil eyes from being cast on the families. The lamas are the sacred specialists for the community. They also do tana-mana (exorcism), which is locally called kursim. Amulets are also prepared and given by the lamas to ward off the evil eye.' There are no Christians among the Stod Bhoti. They are one of the most unreached Buddhist groups in the world. According to recent research, there were just three Christians in the whole of Lahul District with a population of 13,030.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-08-04
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-07-14
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-09-05
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:116,000
Largest States:
Ladakh (89,000)Himachal Pradesh (25,000)
Jammu and Kashmir (2,400)Madhya Pradesh (10)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Bodh (Buddhist traditions)
People Name General: Bodh (Buddhist traditions)
Alternate People Names:
JadLadakhi Bodh
NubraStod Bhotia
Tinanबोध, (बुद्धिस्ट ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 111584
Joshua Project People ID: 16433
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 116,000
Population all Countries: 117,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Bodh (Buddhist traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Ladakhi (85,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): lbj    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Pattani (6,400)Tinani (6,300)
Spiti Bhoti (5,100)Kashmiri (3,300)
Tibetan, Central (3,000)Stod Bhoti (1,700)
Sikkimese (1,400)Zangskari (900)
Kangri (700)Kinnauri (500)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 25
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religions:
Buddhism93.87 % 
Christianity0.35 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism1.69 % 
Islam3.92 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.12 % 
Unknown0.06 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1904-1919
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1948
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Ladakhi
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Ladakhi
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralGospel website in this language
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: ladakhspa - Ladakhi
Text / Printed MatterLadakhi Scripture downloads, and other r ...
Text / Printed MatterOnline Bible text (Scripture Earth)
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Bodh (Buddhist traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Bodh (Buddhist traditions) India    
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            Bodh (Buddhist traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
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