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Kolha in India


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
842,000 Ho Hinduism 1.26 % Unknown   

Kolha in India

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Introduction / History
Ho language speakers live in the forests in the Singbhum district of Jharkhand state, and in Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar and a few other districts of Orissa. They are also reported to be in a few districts of West Bengal and Assam.

Where are they located?
They originally inhabited only the Singbhum district of Jharkhand state, but they moved to the Mayurbhanj district of Orissa due to forest clearance.

What are their lives like?
The meaning of the word "Ho" in their language is "man." They prefer to live in the forest because they exist mainly on forest products. They also do agricultural work, but when their field work is over, the men go to the forests to hunt. They earn money by selling forest goods, such as oil seeds and gum from trees. They also collect the leaves of the Sal tree; they sew them together and make plates and bowls which are in great demand in North India.

Development has not had any impact on their lives; for example, none of the Ho villages have electricity. Most Ho live in mud houses with straw-thatched roofs. They are animists by faith, and worship the spirits of their ancestors. They are zealous about their cultural identity and have a very positive attitude towards their language.

What are their beliefs?
The Ho people are very receptive to the Gospel, and, as a result, many churches and worship groups have been established among them. Several Christian organizations work among them.

The Bible is being translated into the Ho language. Five books of the Old Testament have been translated, and the New Testament translation is nearing completion. The fast growing Ho church will soon have God's Word in its mother tongue. Having the Bible in Ho will help the Christians to study the Scripture and to bear much fruit.

Prayer Points
The Ho community to be educated, developed and to have all the basic amenities needed for life.
Their economic prosperity and for them to attain equality with other neighbouring communities.
The translation of the New Testament to be completed soon and made available to Ho Christians.
The Ho Church to catch the vision of reaching their own people with the Gospel of the Lord Jesus.

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Prayer Links
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:842,000
Largest States:
Odisha (736,000)Maharashtra (96,000)
Madhya Pradesh (2,200)Chhattisgarh (1,500)
Delhi (100)Chandigarh (50)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Kolha
People Name General: Kolha
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 112612
Joshua Project People ID: 17244
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 842,000
Population all Countries: 842,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Kolha
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Ho (299,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hoc    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Odia (142,000)Munda (112,000)
Marathi (79,000)Kurux (24,000)
Santhali (15,000)Kuvi (13,000)
Hindi (11,000)Mundari (10,000)
Chhattisgarhi (1,200)Bengali (800)
Note: Only 10 largest secondary languages listed
Total Languages: 48
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.08 % 
Christianity1.26 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism95.12 % 
Islam0.09 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.01 % 
Unknown3.44 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1915-1987
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Ho
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralGospel resources links
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Kolha in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Kolha India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Kolha in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Ho  
    All Religions                              

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