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Mal (Hindu traditions) in India

Mal (Hindu traditions)

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Mal (Hindu traditions) in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,090,000 Hindi Hinduism 0.01 % Unknown   

Mal (Hindu traditions) in India

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Introduction / History
The Mal of India are cultivators. Some of them are village watchmen. The word Mal means soldiers.

In Bihar, the Mal speak Hindi and read and write in Devanagari. They are not vegetarians. They eat rice as their main cereal and have vegetables also. They are endogamous, which means they prefer to marry within their ethnic community. Divorce and marrying again is allowed among them. Inheritance on the death of the father goes to the sons with the oldest son becoming in charge of the home. The women help the men with financial matters. Young boys herd cows. There are marriage rituals and a death pollution period. A community council controls social matters. Most of the Mal are laborers with no land of their own. They are Hindus and have their own community festivals.

In West Bengal, many of the Mal live in the Birbhum region but live in most parts of the state. They are a Scheduled Caste. They do not eat beef or pork. The Mal there are similar to the Mal living in Bihar but they speak, read and write in Bengali.

The Mal have a low literacy level which means the gospel needs to be given in oral form too.

Prayer Points
Pray that God gives the Mal dreams and visions leading them to Jesus Christ.
Pray that the community leaders among them will come to Jesus Christ and lead the other Mal to salvation also.

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999

View Mal (Hindu traditions) in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-10-07
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-02-23
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:2,090,000
Largest States:
Bihar (1,593,000)West Bengal (357,000)
Jharkhand (107,000)Odisha (9,300)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands (1,600)Uttar Pradesh (1,600)
Delhi (900)Chhattisgarh (900)
Maharashtra (800)Meghalaya (700)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Mal (Hindu traditions)
People Name General: Mal (Hindu traditions)
Alternate People Names:
माल (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
ROP3 Code: 112825
Joshua Project People ID: 17424
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,090,000
Population all Countries: 2,114,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Hindu - other
People Name General: Mal (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hindi (806,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hin    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Bhojpuri (428,000)Bengali (312,000)
Maithili (163,000)Magahi (46,000)
Odia (4,300)Angika (2,000)
Andaman Hindi Creole (100)Kannada (60)
Assamese (Unknown)
Total Languages: 10
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.01 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism99.99 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1806-1962
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1835-2019
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsDAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline Audio Scripture
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus video
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / Video / Animation
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / VideoLove letter to you from scripture
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMagdalena video
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
Film / VideoRivka video
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children
Film / VideoThe Hope Video
Film / VideoWorld Christian Videos
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBible for Children
GeneralBiblical answers to your questions
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
GeneralZume Resources
GeneralZume Training
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload audio Bible app from Google Pla ...
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed MatterBible: Hindi
Text / Printed MatterChildren and youth resources
Text / Printed MatterChrist for the Nations
Text / Printed MatterHindi Bible
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterLiteracy primer for Hindi
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterThe Ancient Path
Text / Printed MatterTools for faith conversations
Text / Printed MatterTopical Scripture booklets and Bible stu ...
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Mal (Hindu traditions) in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Hindu - other     Asia, South    
      Mal (Hindu traditions) India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Mal (Hindu traditions) in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Hindi  
    All Religions                              

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