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Swangla in India


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Swangla in India map

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
11,000 Tinani Hinduism 0.00 % 0.00 % No No   

Swangla in India

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Introduction / History
The Swangla are a small Hindu tribal group of people who live in north India in the foothills of the Himalayas. Their main occupations are agriculture and animal husbandry. For much of their history they have been isolated in the high valleys and hills where they live. The main language of the Swangla is Tinani. This is an endangered language with only 12,000 known speakers. A New Testament became available in Tinani in 2017. Illiteracy is a big problem for this small community.

Where are they located?
The Swangla community lives in the state of Himachal Pradesh in north central India.

What are their lives like?
The Swangla live in the harsh, cold and beautiful foothills of the Himalayas. They raise goats, sheep and yaks for their meat, milk and hides. In the short mountain summers they grow barley, potatoes, maize, and vegetables. The Swangla trade animals and their products for things that they cannot make for themselves such as cell phones, solar panels and tools.

Avalanches are a constant concern for the Swangla. Mountains of snow coming down from the hills can bury people, animals and villages. Most Swangla live at the subsistence level. A bad harvest or a disease can bring starvation.

Marriage to one spouse is the regular practice for the Swangla. Sons receive an equal inheritance from their father. Families arrange marriages with the consent of the young people. Only a basic, primary education is available for the Swangla children. They must often quit school early to help support their families.

What are their beliefs?
The Swangla people practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. They offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods like Christians. The Swangla also believe in evil spirits and ghosts. These spirits must be appeased by rituals, offerings and prayers.

What are their needs?
As a small, isolated mountain community, the Swangla have many needs. They need adequate education for their children. They need access to modern medicine. Solar panels can supply electricity for cell phones and appliances. Most of all, the Swangla need to hear the good news of Jesus Christ. He can deliver them form their fear of evil spirits forgive their sins and grant them eternal life.

Prayer Points
Pray for a "Book of Acts" type of movement to Christ among the Swangla people.
Pray for the Swangla people to understand and embrace that Jesus wants to bless their families and neighborhoods.
Pray for Holy Spirit anointed believers from the Swangla people to change their society from within.
Pray for a movement in which the Holy Spirit leads and empowers Swangla disciples to make more disciples.
Pray for a movement of Jesus to heal and strengthen Swangla communities.


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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-08-08
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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:11,000
Largest States:
Himachal Pradesh (11,000)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Swangla
People Name General: Swangla
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 113712
Joshua Project People ID: 18197
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 11,000
Population all Countries: 11,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - other
People Name General: Swangla
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Tinani (3,300 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): lbf    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Pattani (2,100)Gahri (1,300)
Spiti Bhoti (1,200)Stod Bhoti (900)
Hindi (500)Kangri (200)
Kinnauri (80)Sikkimese (60)
Bhattiyali (40)
Total Languages: 10
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religions:
Buddhism3.40 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism96.47 % 
Islam0.13 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1908-1915
New Testament:
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio
GeneralGospel resources links
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Swangla in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - other     Asia, South    
      Swangla India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Swangla in India          
      Religion Language  
      Hinduism     Tinani  
    All Religions                              

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