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Tangsa Tikhak in India

Tangsa Tikhak

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
2,700 Naga, Tangshang Buddhism 20.84 % Unknown   

Tangsa Tikhak in India

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The 1981 census of India listed a population of just 409 Tikhak Tangsa people (186 males and 223 females). They live in the Manmao, Nampong, Miao and Bordumsa circles of the Changlang District in southeastern Arunachal Pradesh, India. A few of them also live in the Dibrugarh District of Assam.

The Tikhak are one of 15 different Tangsa tribes in India, totalling 16,475 people according to the 1981 Indian census. Several Tangsa groups are also located across the border in western Myanmar.

Among the 15 Tangsa groups in India, only two could be considered majority Buddhist: the Tikhak and the Yongkuk. The rest are Hindus, animists and Christians, and so have not been included in this book. In alphabetical order, the other Tangsa groups in India are the Havi (98% Hindu); Jugli (66% Hindu); Kimsing (62% Christian); Lungchang (95% animist); Lungphi (60% Hindu); Lungri (88% Hindu); Morang (46% Hindu, 38% Christian); Mosang (65% Hindu); Muklom (52% animist); Ronrang (98% Christian); Sangwal; Sankey (75% Christian); and the Tonglim (animist).

The name Tikhak reportedly can mean either 'proficient basket makers or those who produce a peculiar coughing sound '. They originated further to the east in a place called Mukcha in the Patkoi Range. About 150 years ago, for reasons unknown, they migrated away from their homeland to their present location.

One way to distinguish the Tikhak from other Tangsa tribes is by their dress. 'The men's lower dress called impayan (a handwoven lungi) has red, green, brown and white squares. The women's lower dress naitak (also a handwoven lungi) has different vertical stripes intersected by broad horizontal black stripes. The men also use the takot-khuka (kind of head dress). '

There is some confusion regarding the religious beliefs of the Tikhak Tangsa. The 1981 census returned 60 per cent of them as Buddhists, 32 per cent as Hindus, 6.3 per cent as Christians and 1.7 per cent as followers of 'other religions' (i.e., animism). At the time of the census, six out of every ten Tikhak Tangsa people stated that they were Buddhists. Other reports seem to imply that most Tikhak people are animists. 'The Tikhak religion consists of beliefs in different benevolent and malevolent spirits. The community believes in the concept of a god named fra or pra. No worship or sacrifice is offered to the fra. They worship the house deity called Matai once a year for the well-being of the family. Lumrong is worshipped for the protection of their entire area from natural calamities. The tumsa (priest) is an expert in detecting evil spirits, in diagnosing and curing diseases, in predicting the future, and in presiding over the worship ceremonies. Thus he is respected by all. A large number of Tikhaks have embraced Christianity, while some of them profess Buddhism. '

Although for now the Tikhak Tangsa are classified as a majority Buddhist group, they are surrounded by Christians. Close to 50 per cent of the Tangsa people overall are now Christians. The Tangsa New Testament was published in 1992, although it is not known if the Tikhak Tangsa are able to read it.

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Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:11 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:2,700
Largest States:
Arunachal Pradesh (2,700)
Location in Country:They live in Manmao, Nampong, Miao and Bordumsa circles of the Changlang District in southeastern Arunachal Pradesh, India. A few also live in the Dibrugarh District of Assam.
(Source: Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004)
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Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Tangsa Tikhak
People Name General: Tangsa Tikhak
Alternate People Names:
टंगसा, तीखाक
ROP3 Code: 113811
Joshua Project People ID: 18270
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 2,700
Population all Countries: 2,700
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Tribal - Naga
People Name General: Tangsa Tikhak
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Naga, Tangshang (2,700 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): nst    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Tikhak
Dialect Code:14611
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religions:
Buddhism77.73 % 
Christianity20.84 %(Evangelical: Data not available)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism1.13 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.04 % 
Unknown0.26 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1979-1982
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2014-2015
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament
Film / VideoGod's Story video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Naga, Tase
Film / VideoLUMO film of Gospels
Film / VideoMy Last Day video, anime
GeneralGospel resources links
GeneralGospel website in this language
Text / Printed MatterBible: Naga, Tangshang
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Tangsa Tikhak in India

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Tribal - Naga     Asia, South    
      Tangsa Tikhak India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Tangsa Tikhak in India          
      Religion Language  
      Buddhism     Naga, Tangshang  
    All Religions                              

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