People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Jew, South Asian in India

Jew, South Asian

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

You need to upgrade your Flash Player
Map source: Omid / Joshua Project
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
6,100 Marathi Ethnic Religions 0.00 % 0.00 %   

Jew, South Asian in India

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
A significant number of Jews live among the growing masses of Bombay, India, and its surrounding areas. They are commonly known as the Bene Israel, or "Children of Israel." The language they speak, Marathi, is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by many other peoples in the region.

According to tradition, Bombay Jews are descended from seven Jewish families who were shipwrecked off the Indian coast around 175 B.C. They lost all the Jewish holy books but retained Jewish customs such as circumcision, observance of the Sabbath, and dietary regulations. They settled in villages along the coast and remained completely unknown to other Jews until the 1900s.

In the following years, they gradually adopted modern Jewish religious customs. Leaving their small villages, most moved to Bombay. In the late 1940s and throughout the 1950s, the great majority migrated to Israel, but some remained in India.

What are their lives like?
At some point after their arrival in India, Bombay Jews were incorporated into India's strict system of social classes, or "castes," and became recognized as a distinct caste. They were eventually subdivided into two sub-groups, the Gora and the Kala. The Gora claimed direct ancestry from the original Jewish settlers in India, while the Kala were the descendants of mixed marriages between Jews and Hindus. Traditionally, the Gora and the Kala never intermarried and even refused to eat together. Today, however, there is little or no distinction between the two groups.

In Bombay, most of the Jewish population live in typical apartment houses. The wealthier people, however, live in private homes. Traditionally, their most important occupation in the villages was the extraction of oil from seed. Today, the few Jews that still remain in the villages work primarily as farmers or in industries that are indirectly associated with oil pressing.

Within the city of Bombay, Jews are employed in numerous professions. Some work in service industries, while others work as clerks, mechanics, white-collar workers, or skilled laborers. A significant number are professionals, such as doctors, teachers, and lawyers. Still others are employed in the armed forces or in the transportation and communications industries.

Most Bombay Jewish families are typical nuclear families; that is, they are composed of a man, a woman, and their children. In order to keep wealth and prestige within the family, the Jews have traditionally preferred marriage between cousins. Divorce is completely unacceptable to them and is a very uncommon occurrence in their culture.

At one time, Bombay Jews practiced polygamy, but now most of their marriages are monogamous (having only one spouse). Children are raised by all the older females in the house, but discipline is carried out by all the older males. Education for the children is highly valued by the parents.

What are their beliefs?
Following the law of Moses, Bombay Jews traditionally practice all of the conventional Jewish beliefs. They observe strict dietary laws, circumcise male children, and observe the Sabbath. In addition, they recite the Shema, the Jewish confession of faith found in chapter six of the book of Deuteronomy. They also celebrate Jewish festivals such as Passover and Yom Kippur. However, a few of their beliefs, especially those pertaining to the afterlife, reflect a Hindu influence.

What are their needs?
Bombay Jews are strongly dominated by tradition. As a result, they are not very receptive to change. In addition, their emphasis on intellectual achievement may prove a stumbling block to their acceptance of the Gospel. The Bible, the Jesus film, and Christian radio broadcasts are all available to the Bombay Jews; nevertheless, if they are to be reached with the Gospel, Christians must commit to fervent intercession for them.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send Messianic Jews to share Jesus with the Bombay Jews of India.
* Pray that the Jesus film will effectively reveal the person of Jesus to Bombay Jews.
* Ask God to open the spiritual ears of the Bombay Jews as they listen to Christian radio broadcasts.
* Pray that many Bibles will be distributed among Bombay Jews.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that strong local churches will be raised up among them.

View Jew, South Asian in all countries.

Prayer Links  
PrayerGuard.net
  Submit Update:
Country: India
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, South
Persecution Rank:10 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Population in Country:6,100
Largest States:
Maharashtra (4,400)Gujarat (400)
Mizoram (300)Kerala (200)
Manipur (200)Rajasthan (200)
Madhya Pradesh (100)West Bengal (90)
Delhi (80)Karnataka (80)
Total States on file:17
   
 
Maps
Submit Map:
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
 
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Jew, South Asian
People Name General: Jew, South Asian
Alternate People Names:
Bene IsraelShanvar Teli
YahudanYahudi
Yudanज्यू, साउत एशियन
ROP3 Code: 115649
Joshua Project People ID: 19239
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 6,100
Population all Countries: 7,000
Least-Reached: Yes
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Jews
People Cluster: Jews
People Name General: Jew, South Asian
Ethnic Code: CMT35
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Marathi (4,400 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mar    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (500)English (500)
Meitei (400)Malayalam (200)
Hebrew (200)Gujarati (90)
Total Languages: 7
   
 
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Religion Sub-division:Judaism
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions100.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
 
 
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: 1807-1957
New Testament:
1811-1982Audio
Complete Bible: 1821-2002
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture / Bible
Audio RecordingsOral Bible stories in Marathi
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Marathi
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
GeneralBible Visuals
GeneralFour Spiritual Laws
GeneralGod's Simple Plan
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible
Text / Printed MatterBible: मराठी - Marathi
Text / Printed MatterBibles, Bible League
Text / Printed MatterEasyBibles
Text / Printed MatterFather's Love Letter
Text / Printed MatterJesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
 
 
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Jew, South Asian in India

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Jews     Asia, South    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Jew, South Asian India    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Jew, South Asian in India          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Marathi  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=IN&peo3=19239