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Punjabi in Kenya


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Punjabi in Kenya map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
67,000 Punjabi, Eastern Other / Small 0.20 % 0.10 %   

Punjabi in Kenya

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Introduction / History
Although most Punjabi live in India and Pakistan, emigrating Punjabi have established substantial communities in about twenty-six other countries. While living conditions differ greatly from country to country, the Punjabi (who may be Muslim, Hindu, or Sikh) retain much of their traditional culture and lifestyle.

The term Punjabi describes both an inhabitant of the Punjab region (in India and Pakistan) and a speaker of the area's major language, Punjabi. The name comes from the Persian panj (five) and ab (river). It is an Indo-European language, divided into six main-dialects, and is primarily used in the major Punjabi regions of India and Pakistan.

Modern Punjabi culture has been profoundly shaped by the partitioning of India and Pakistan in 1947. The resulting massive migrations basically separated Muslims from Hindus and Sikhs, and saw the beginning of sharply different governmental policies that impacted all areas of life.

What are their lives like?
Wherever they have gone, the resourceful Punjabi have made a place for themselves within the local communities. In Kenya, as in most countries where they have settled, Punjabi are employed in many different occupations. The Sikhs, who represent seventy percent of the Kenyan Punjabi, have entered various professions. They excel as mechanics and work in construction. Sikhs, Hindus, and Muslims all work in small family businesses.

Men usually control the family property or means by which the family earns its living. If Punjabi live in extended families (two or more generations living together), the wife or mother of the oldest male heads up the women's side of the home. She controls the household, including the activities of all the children and (in some cases), the other wives.

A substantial number of the Punjabi in Kenya are Hindus who rigorously follow the social and economic caste system common in the Punjab region of India. Their social and economic status is based first on caste, then clan, village, division, and family. Although higher and lower castes may vary from area to area, upper castes usually include Brahmins (Hindu priests), landowners, and skilled artisans. Artisan castes include carpenters, masons, blacksmiths, barbers, and sometimes weavers.

Marriage is an important institution among all Punjabi religious groups. Traditionally, the bride lives with her husband in his village and house. However, in Kenya, as in most communities outside India and Pakistan, newly married couples set up their own homes. Parents sometimes still may arrange marriages, but this is rarely done without consulting those involved.

Marriage ceremonies differ by caste and religion. Generally, they are symbolic of the ideal that a marriage is a free gift from the bride's family to the groom, with nothing taken back in exchange. The bride's family usually pays all the wedding expenses. Often her family provides substantial gifts (a dowry) for her to take to her new home.

Instead of one central authority, each segment of the community has its own set of sanctions and discipline: commerce, household management, politics, civil administration, kinship, law and customary law, and religion.

What are their beliefs?
The Diaspora Punjabi reflect the religions of their homeland: Hinduism, Islam, and Sikhism. The majority of the Kenyan Punjabi are Sikhs. Most of the remainder are Hindus and a very small number are Muslims.

What are their needs?
Even though Kenya is a predominately Christian nation, very few of the Punjabi are Christian.

Prayer Points
* Pray that God will raise up prayer teams to break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that the Lord will raise up long term workers to join the few who have already responded.
* Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect the small number of Kenyan Punjabi Christians.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Kenyan Punjabi towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Kenyan Punjabi.

View Punjabi in all countries.

Prayer Links
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Country: Kenya
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, East and Southern
Persecution Rank:44 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Nairobi
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Punjabi
People Name General: Punjabi
Alternate People Names:
Eastern PunjabiGurmukhi
Mirpur PunjabiPanjabi
ROP3 Code: 108182
Joshua Project People ID: 14483
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 67,000
Population all Countries: 2,261,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: South Asian Peoples
People Cluster: South Asia Muslim - other
People Name General: Punjabi
Ethnic Code: CNN25
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Punjabi, Eastern (67,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): pan    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Punjabi
Dialect Code:761
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Other / Small
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.20 %(Evangelical: 0.10 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism27.00 % 
Islam2.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small70.80 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant30.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic70.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1818-1954
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 1818-2017
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOnline Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoEyes of the Heart
Film / VideoFollowing Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoSatsung of the Sadguru Jesus
Film / VideoStory of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / VideoWho Can Help You?
GeneralGot Questions Ministry
Mobile AppDownload Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed MatterBible: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ - Panjabi
Text / Printed MatterOneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed MatterOnline New Testament (Bibles India)
Text / Printed MatterWorld Missionary Press Booklets
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Punjabi in Kenya

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    South Asia Muslim - other     Africa, East and Southern    
      Punjabi Kenya    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Punjabi in Kenya          
      Religion Language  
      Other / Small     Punjabi, Eastern  
    All Religions                              

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