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Hani in Laos


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
800 Hani Ethnic Religions 0.00 % 0.00 % No   

Hani in Laos

People Group Video [7]
Source:  Asia HarvestWatchDownload
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Introduction / History
The 1995 census of Laos listed 1,122 Hani people, living in the three villages of Sikao, Khuchu Lin and Si Ben Chay in Gnot-Ou District of Phongsali Province. The Hani live near the Laos border with Yunnan Province, China. Ethnographer Laurent Chazee has listed a population of 750 Hani in Laos, comprised of 97 families living in 78 houses.

The vast majority of Hani (more than 500,000) live in southwest China. There are actually more than 1.2 million people in China who belong to the 'Hani nationality', but this figure includes the Akha and about a dozen distinct ethnic groups. Confusion between the Hani and the Akha is a major problem for researchers. The Chinese and Vietnamese governments do not separate the two groups. Some publications have listed more than 30,000 Hani in Laos, but this figure includes the Akha. There are only about 1,100 "Hani proper" in Laos. One source says they are "very recent arrivals in Laos, probably from Vietnam."

Most scholars believe the Hani originated in Tibet, and moved down to southern China many centuries ago. Hani legends state their ancestors lived in 1,000 homes on a plain far to the north of their present location.

Among the Hani it is important to be able to recite their genealogy back to the progenitor of their race, Sm Mi O.

The Hani have a legend of a lost book. They claim they once had their own script, which was written on buffalo skin by the Creator God. On a long journey the Hani got hungry and ate the book, and ever since have been without a written script.

The Hani have three major religious clergymen. The zuima is a male from the oldest household who directs all religious activities. The beima perform magic rites and exorcisms. Male and female nima make predictions and administer medicinal herbs.

Although there are now about 200 Hani believers in China, the Hani in Laos and Vietnam remain without a Gospel witness or a single church.

Prayer Points
* Pray that hindrances to the advance of the Gospel among the Hani be removed.
* Pray thousands of Hani across Asia would soon come to Christ.
* Pray for completion of Bible translation in this people group's primary language.

View Hani in all countries.

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The Jungles of Southern Yunnan
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Country: Laos
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:20 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Phongsali province, Sikao, Khuchu Lin, Si Ben Chat villages, Gnot-Ou district
(Source: Faces of the Unreached in Laos, 1999)
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Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Hani
People Name General: Hani
Alternate People Names:
Bru KanayGazhou
Ha NhiHa Nhi Gia
ROP3 Code: 103712
Joshua Project People ID: 12062
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 800
Population all Countries: 791,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Hani
People Name General: Hani
Ethnic Code: MSY50i
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Hani
Language Code (ISO): hni    Ethnologue Listing
Secondary Languages:
Honi (Unknown)
Total Languages: 2
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism30.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions70.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status:Unengaged (per Finishing the Task)
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2016
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Hani
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Hani in Laos

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Hani     Asia, Southeast    
      Hani Laos    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Hani in Laos          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Hani  
    All Religions                              

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