People-in-Country Profile

People Selector:
Print version:
Step 1 - Select a Country:   Send us your updates!
Step 2 - Select a People:  

Hung Tum in Laos

Hung Tum

Send us a photo of this people.  [1]

Hung Tum in Laos map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,300 Hung Ethnic Religions 3.00 % 2.50 % No No   

Hung Tum in Laos

Profile Text
Submit Profile Text:

Introduction / History
The 1995 national census of Laos counted a total of 2,510 Toum people. This number may include the Hung and possibly one or two other small groups, which linguists have determined to speak distinct languages. The Hung live further north of the Tum and appear to have a separate ethnicity. A 1981 linguistic atlas listed a population of only 500 Tum people in Laos.

The population of the Tum is expected to rise to more than 2,800 by the end of the 20th century, and may exceed 3,500 by the year 2010. Laos has one of the highest birthrates of any country in the world. According to government findings, each woman in Laos will give birth to an average of 7.1 children.

The Tum inhabit three distinct locations. Most are found in the Khamkeut District of Borikhamxai Province, near the border between Laos and Vietnam. The area is remote and rarely visited by outsiders. The Tum live near the banks of the Nhang River. Borikhamxai contained a total of only 163,589 people according to the 1995 census, a density of only 11 people per square kilometer. A smaller number of Tum people have migrated inland and south to the Nakay District of Khammouan Province.

The Tum area in Khammouan contains moderately high mountains that slope from south to west towards the Mekong River valley. The areas inhabited by the Tum are predominantly Tai Dam, Tai Kao and Phutai areas.

The Tum language belongs to the Viet-Muong branch of the Mon-Khmer language family. It is closely related, or may be the same as the Hung language of Laos and Vietnam, and more distantly related to Viet-Muong varieties such as Tho and Muong, spoken by a combined total of more than a million people in central-northern Vietnam.

The Tum are an unreached people group, of whom little is known. Few anthropologists or linguists have ever ventured into their villages to discover more of this small group. There are few Christian communities in the area of eastern Borikhamxai or northern Khammouan, and therefore few opportunities for the Tum to hear the Gospel in a language that is easily comprehended by them.

Prayer Points
* The Tum have been a neglected group in a nation that has been forgotten by most Christians. Pray for the Tum!
* Plead with God for the salvation of the precious Tum ethnic group.
* The Tum were created by God to worship and give glory to Him. Pray that they will soon know the Creator.
* Pray for translation of the Bible to begin in this people group's primary language.
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.
* Pray for Gospel messages to become available in audio format for this people group.

View Hung Tum in all countries.

Prayer Links
  Submit Update:
Country: Laos
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:20 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Borikhamxai and Khammouan provinces, Khamkeut and Nakay districts.
(Source: Faces of the Unreached in Laos, 1999)
Submit Map:
Country Map:Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map:University of Texas or other map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
Submit Update:
People Name in Country: Hung Tum
People Name General: Hung Tum
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 110267
Joshua Project People ID: 15629
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 1,300
Population all Countries: 1,300
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Mon-Khmer
People Name General: Hung Tum
Ethnic Code: AUG03z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
Submit Update:
Primary Language: Hung (1,300 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): hnu    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Toum
Dialect Code:10730
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
Submit Update:
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity3.00 %(Evangelical: 2.50 %)
Ethnic Religions97.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
Bible Translation Status
Submit Update:
Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
None Reported
Ministry Activity
Register Ministry Activity:
Networking: Visit for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Hung Tum in Laos

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Mon-Khmer     Asia, Southeast    
      Hung Tum Laos    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Hung Tum in Laos          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Hung  
    All Religions                              

Direct link: