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Krahn, Western in Liberia

Krahn, Western

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
74,000 Krahn, Western Ethnic Religions 19.00 % 3.50 % No   

Krahn, Western in Liberia

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Introduction / History
Cote d'Ivoire, or Ivory Coast, is home to approximately a number of distinct ethnic groups. The Western Krahn are part of a larger group who live primarily across the border in Liberia. In Cote d'Ivoire, they represent a very slight portion of the population. They are part of the Kru cluster of peoples, and their language is part of the Niger-Congo family.

It seems that the Western Krahn's ancestors of most of the present-day population of Cote d'Ivoire moved into the area in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. They arrived from the northeast and east, where strong tribal kingdoms flourished. In the fifteenth century, Portuguese explorers reached the coast and began trading in slaves and ivory. Europeans did not move inland until the 1830s when the French signed treaties with coastal rulers. As part of the French expansion, Cote d'Ivoire was made a colony in 1893. The French were bitterly resisted, however, and frequent revolts occurred.

What are their lives like?
Very little is known about the Western Krahn; thus, some assumptions have been made regarding their lifestyle, based on their location and related groups. The Western Krahn are assumed to be farmers who grow millet, sorghum, and other crops. Crop rotation and some irrigation are used, and small numbers of cattle and other animals are kept. Hunting, fishing, and gathering wild plants provide additional food.

Western Krahn settlements consist of a small number of mud huts with cone-shaped roofs made of palm leaves or thatch. These huts are grouped irregularly around a center court that serves as a meeting place. In a particular locality, a clan composed of a local lineage dominates. Many settlements are actually an extended family acting as an economic unit. Each extended family has a headman, who offers sacrifices to the ancestral spirits. The headman is succeeded by his oldest sister's eldest son, who then leaves his own compound to assume his new role. Each village (group of settlements) has a religious chief and headmen to handle village affairs and disputes.

Many of the Western Krahn men have more than one wife, and the levirate (compulsory marriage of a widow to her dead husband's brother) and the sororate (compulsory marriage of a woman to her dead or barren sister's husband) are practiced. Most girls are betrothed while they are quite young. Marriages are arranged by either the father or the extended family head. When a man marries, his bride may join him or remain in her father's home. If she remains with her father, her daughters stay with her, but her sons join their fathers at a young age.

Western Krahn social structure is relatively democratic without rigid classes. However, slavery was once present in the area, and despised castes of smiths and leather workers still exist. Society is patrilineal, with lines of descent and inheritances traced through the males. Private property is passed to the eldest son, and household property, to the father's younger brother. Married sons live in the household of their fathers.

What are their beliefs?
Nearly all of the Western Krahn still practice various forms of animism, believing that non-human objects have spirits. In particular, ancestor worship (praying to deceased relatives for guidance or protection) is practiced. It is believed that the supreme god is too distant to worship directly; therefore, the only way to serve or worship him is through a spirit. Often they worship a statue or other object believed to house a spirit. In return, the spirit gives the worship to the supreme god.

The growth of Christianity in Cote d'Ivoire suffers from the quick rise and fall of prophetic sects, but a segment of the population is Christian (mostly Roman Catholic or Methodist). However, few of the Western Krahn are Christians.

What are their needs?
The New Testament has been translated for the Western Krahn. Prayer for the growth of believers is an important priority.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to send missionaries to work among the Western Krahn.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to anoint the efforts of missions agencies focusing on the Western Krahn.
* Pray that God will use the believers to share Christ with the Western Krahn.
* Ask the Lord to save key leaders among the Western Krahn who will boldly declare the Gospel.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a vigorous Western Krahn church for the glory of His name!
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.

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Country: Liberia
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
10/40 Window: No
Total Provinces on file:1
Location in Country:Grand Gedeh county: near Côte d’Ivoire border; Nimba and Sinoe counties.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Krahn, Western
People Name General: Krahn, Western
Alternate People Names:
NidruNorthern Krahn
Western Krahn
ROP3 Code: 110789
Joshua Project People ID: 15374
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 74,000
Population all Countries: 96,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Kru
People Name General: Krahn, Western
Ethnic Code: NAB59j
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Krahn, Western
Language Code (ISO): krw    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity19.00 %(Evangelical: 3.50 %)
Ethnic Religions80.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam1.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent10.00 %
Protestant80.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic10.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 3   Less than 2% Evangelical. Widespread church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Yes
New Testament:
1992-1995Audio
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Krahn, Western in Liberia

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Kru     Africa, West and Central    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Krahn, Western Liberia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Krahn, Western in Liberia          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Krahn, Western  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=LI&peo3=15374