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Mano, Mah in Liberia

Mano, Mah

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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
420,000 Maan Ethnic Religions 8.00 % 2.00 %   

Mano, Mah in Liberia

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Introduction / History
The Mano live primarily in southern Guinea and northern Liberia. The Mano in Guinea speak a language (also called Mano) that is strongly influenced by the Mandingo language. Mano has many dialects and belongs to the Eastern branch of the Mande languages. The Mano strongly identify themselves with the Kono and Gio tribes. The Gio are regarded as the "small brothers" of the Mano, and their languages are closely related.

Between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, many Mande-speaking peoples (including the Gio, the Mano, and the Kono) migrated from the North. The Mandingo forced the Kpelle to move southward. They, in turn, forced the Mande-speakers farther southward. Most of the Mano settled in Guinea. However, many immigrated to Liberia at the end of the 1800s when the French occupied Guinea.

What are their lives like?
The Mano are provided with the bare necessities of life through farming. Rice is the staple crop and it is grown on large cultivated lands outside the village. Temporary huts are a resting place for many during harvest time. Once the rice is planted, sacrifices and medicines are made to ensure a good harvest.

Hand-made fences surround the farmland in an attempt to discourage threatening animals. Boys chase birds away or hunt them before they can kill the crops. The women are primarily responsible for weeding the fields. Pineapple, peppers, beans, okra, onion, maize, and bananas are among the crops grown in the farm villages. Coffee and peanuts are grown as cash crops. Each year, a new farm site must be selected. Then, the bush undergrowth and trees must be cut and burned.

Cattle, goats, chickens, and other animals are found in all Mano towns. Cows are not milked and only chickens-never eggs-are eaten on a regular basis. The Mano are excellent hunters. However, animals in the forests are becoming extinct, partly because of the introduction of firearms in the area.

Both men and women fish using nets, basket-traps, and lines. Frozen fish is also bought in the markets. Consequently, the Mano eat fish a great deal and very little meat. Wild mushrooms are usually eaten with fish and constitute an important part of the diet. The Mano believe that rice must be eaten at every meal for that meal to be considered complete. Winged termites are sometime toasted and eaten as snacks.

Although some Mano must sleep in the small, temporary farm villages during harvest season, most Mano live in towns year-round. These towns are located on high ground with water sources nearby. They are crowded, with communities ranging from as few as ten to as many as several hundred, and the houses are close together. The most common Mano houses are those built on clay platforms to keep out the rain. They are square homes with low-walled porches and thatched roofs.

What are their beliefs?
The great majority of the Mano of Guinea are animists (believe that non-human objects have spirits). Wala is believed to be the creator god who lives in heaven. However, the Mano have little idea of what heaven or life after death is really like.

The Mano believe that small men or goblins live in the bush. The goblins are thought to be ghosts who have friendly relationships with people. However, the Mano believe that goblins may kill anyone who destroys their homes by clearing the land.

Witchcraft also plays an important role in Mano beliefs. Witches often curse and sometimes kill their victims.

What are their needs?
The New Testament has been translated into Mano. Additional evangelistic tools, Christian workers, and continued prayer are needed to see these precious people turn to Christ.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Mano.
* Pray that Christian radio and television broadcasts will be made available in the Mano language.
* Pray that the Lord will give the Mano believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that God will call Christian teachers and medical teams to go to Guinea and work among the Mano.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a vigorous Mano church.

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Prayer Links  
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Global Prayer Digest: 2015-02-15
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Country: Liberia
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Nimba county; Bong and Grand Bassa counties.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
 
Maps
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
 
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Mano, Mah
People Name General: Mano, Mah
Alternate People Names:
ManoManon
MaweNgere
ROP3 Code: 106278
Joshua Project People ID: 16121
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 420,000
Population all Countries: 523,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Mande
People Name General: Mano, Mah
Ethnic Code: NAB64j
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Maan (420,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): mev    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity8.00 %(Evangelical: 2.00 %)
Ethnic Religions92.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent45.00 %
Protestant30.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic25.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 4   Greater than or equal to 2% Evangelical
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1946-1987
New Testament:
1978Audio
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsOral Bible
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Mann
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Networking: Visit LinkingGlobalVoices.org for networking possibilities.
Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
 
Data Notes
Data Sources
 
 

Mano, Mah in Liberia

Peoples
               
Geographic
Global                 Global
           
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
           
   
People Cluster
       
Region
   
    Mande     Africa, West and Central    
     
People-Group-Across-Countries
   
Country
   
      Mano, Mah Liberia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Mano, Mah in Liberia          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Maan  
    Global    
Language
 
    All Religions                              
   
Religion
                             

Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=LI&peo3=16121