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Han Chinese, Teochew in Malaysia

Han Chinese, Teochew

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Han Chinese, Teochew in Malaysia map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
1,038,000 Chinese, Min Nan Ethnic Religions 10.00 % 5.75 %   

Han Chinese, Teochew in Malaysia

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Introduction / History
Teochew speaking Chinese constitute the fifth largest Chinese dialect spoken among Chinese in Malaysia. Originally, the ethnic Teochew ancestors came from the vicinity of Shautou in northern Guangdong and southern Fujian in China. Additionally, they were known as the Chaoshan people or people of the mountains of Chao. The term Teochew (Chaozhou in phonetic Mandarin) came from the name of the ancient riverside city of Chaozhou in China, a major port in that region. The Teochew dialect is essentially the language of the Chaoshan people. It evolved from the Hokkien dialect and is therefore a part of the Minnan subgoup to which Hokkien also belongs. In Malaysia, there are a number of Teochew variants (each peculiar by sub-region) with sometimes vastly different pronunciations and or tones.

Teochew speaking Chinese throughout Malaysia are concentrated in certain regions. As a result, their dialect is often the primary language spoken. Major concentrations of Chinese speaking Teochew are found in Kedah and north Perak states.

What are their lives like?
The early Teochew adventurers came to Malaysia in order to seek a better life. In the past, they specialized as grocers. With rapid socio-economic changes in Malaysia, Teochew people work in many professions, interacting with people of other races. In the states of Kedah and north Perak, Chinese speaking Teochew are predominantly fisherman. Traditionally, Teochew, like all other Chinese groups, lived with their nuclear or extended families. Although there are still a good number of Teochew villages existing in some parts of Malaysia, many members of these communities are moving to developed towns and cities in pursuit of social and economic advancement.

What are their beliefs?
Teochew speaking Chinese are very particular about their safety both at work and at home. They often use the Mandarin phrase churu ping'an, which ensures one's safety on undertaking a journey or on returning home. Therefore, it is not uncommon for a typical Teochew speaking Chinese family to place the paintings of two door deities called Qin Qiong and Yuchi Gong (AD 618-907 Tang dynasty's top two generals of emperor Taizong who stood guard outside his bedroom door) on their doors to protect the family. Teochew villages in every rural area establish a small shrine for Tudigong, which is the earth god. He is also enshrined in every Teochew household, shop, and temple. Tudigong is a local deity who keeps track of all births and deaths in the area under his jurisdiction and he accompanies the newly departed soul to the courts of purgatory to await judgment. Teochew speaking Chinese also worship or offer sacrifices to Tudigong when their children are illness or have offended the deity. A small percentage of the Teochew are Christian.

What are their needs?
Many Teochew are drawn away from their communities in order to find a new and better lifestyle in the cosmopolitan cities. However, many others still live in isolated fishing villages. Pray that God's will minister to those Teochew speaking Chinese who are shifting to urban areas and are search for meaning in life. Pray also that God will send similar ministers to the Teochew back in their isolated fishing villages.

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Country: Malaysia
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Southeast
Persecution Rank:42 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Peninsular, especially in Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, and Terengganu states.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
   
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Han Chinese, Teochew
People Name General: Han Chinese, Teochew
Alternate People Names:
Han Chinese Teochew
ROP3 Code: 103699
Joshua Project People ID: 12055
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 1,038,000
Population all Countries: 1,832,000
Least-Reached: No
   
 
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Chinese
People Name General: Han Chinese, Teochew
Ethnic Code: MSY42a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
   
 
Language
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Primary Language: Chinese, Min Nan (1,038,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): nan    Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect:Chaochow
Dialect Code:8847
Total Languages: 1
   
 
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religions:
Buddhism20.00 % 
Christianity10.00 %(Evangelical: 5.75 %)
Ethnic Religions43.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam2.00 % 
Non-Religious25.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent45.00 %
Protestant25.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian5.00 %
Roman Catholic25.00 %
 
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
   
 
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 2   Less than 2% Evangelical. Initial (localized) church planting within past 2 years
 
 
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 1875-1916
New Testament:
1896-1974Audio
Complete Bible: 1884-1933
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
 
 
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAmoy Bible
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsOnline New Testament (FCBH)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGimchua's Family (EngSub)
Film / VideoGimchua's Family (HanSub)
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Chinese, Min Nan
Film / VideoMagdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / VideoMy Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / VideoStory of Hope
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Ed ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Editi ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Tr ...
Text / Printed MatterBible: 新譯本(繁體字版)
 
 
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
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Han Chinese, Teochew in Malaysia

Peoples
               
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    Chinese     Asia, Southeast    
     
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      Han Chinese, Teochew Malaysia    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Han Chinese, Teochew in Malaysia          
      Religion Language  
      Ethnic Religions     Chinese, Min Nan  
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Direct link:  http://legacy.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?rog3=MY&peo3=12055