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Daza in Niger


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Daza in Niger map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
87,000 Dazaga Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % No   

Daza in Niger

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Introduction / History
The Daza of southeastern Niger are a rugged, nomadic Muslim people inhabiting the southern fringes of the Sahara Desert. Many more Daza live in neighboring Chad, where they are also referred to as the Goran. Their language, called Dazaga, is part of the Nilo-Saharan language family.

The area in which the Daza live ranges from grassy steppes in the south, to open desert in the north. Temperatures often reach 120 degrees Fahrenheit during the hottest months of the year. Annual rainfall ranges from zero to four inches. The severe conditions under which the Daza live have greatly molded their rugged, fierce character.

The Daza, traditionally a warring people, are still disliked and feared by some of their neighbors. Other Nigerians tend to despise the Daza as thieves and murderers. However, the Daza seem to take pride in their reputation, particularly in their ability to go for long periods of time with little food or water.

What are their lives like?
The Daza have traditionally been a nomadic, pastoral people, but the population is presently divided between those in rural camps and a lesser number in the small towns. Many have been forced to leave the nomadic lifestyle because of the droughts of recent decades. In the past, the Daza herded cattle, camels, and goats. Cattle are raised less often now, as the Sahara continues to advance southward, destroying the pasture lands necessary for their support.

The basic diet of the Daza consists of cooked millet eaten with a sauce, which usually contains dried tomatoes, onions, and various leaves. Meat is occasionally added to the sauce but is eaten infrequently, as the people are generally poor. Milk is obtained from camels and goats, and dates are cultivated in some areas. Drinking strong, sweet tea is a daily part of Daza social life.

Marriages are often arranged, but couples may have some voice in the matter. Camels, tea, and sugar are usually given as gifts to the bride's family, and gifts are also given to the groom's family. The Daza practice polygamy (have multiple spouses), but many men can afford to have only one wife. Because it is important to have children, a second wife is especially desirable, if the first wife does not conceive. Men are the heads of their families, but Daza women are relatively independent, compared to many neighboring groups. Unfortunately, divorce is common among the Daza.

What are their beliefs?
Being Muslim is a large part of Daza cultural identity, and the Daza are practically all Muslim. There is great social pressure to participate in the prayers and the month-long fast during Ramadan, and much attention is paid to the giving of alms. Though staunchly committed to Islam, the Daza do incorporate some animism (the belief that non-human objects have spirits) in their religious activities.

Community adherence to Islam is very stable, but the impact on individual character is not necessarily deep. There is evidence that some are Muslim in name only, especially among the youth; nonetheless, there are still many very sincere, devout Muslims among the Daza.

What are their needs?
Though there are individual exceptions, most of the Daza are very poor. Many Daza lost nearly everything they had during the severe droughts of the mid-1970s and mid-1980s.

There are no medical facilities available to most Daza, and various serious illnesses and diseases abound. Many Daza have access only to contaminated well water, thereby contributing to the health problems.

Divorce, adultery, and prostitution are common social problems among the Daza, despite the relatively high moral standards of Islam. Slavery still exists in Daza society.

The spiritual needs of the Daza are as overwhelming as are the physical needs. Christian resources are scarce and missionaries are few. Intercession and committed workers are necessary to see the Daza of Niger come to Jesus.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send medical missionary teams to work among the Daza of Niger.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Daza.
* Ask God to raise a mighty army of prayer warriors who will intercede for the Daza.
* Pray for the conversion of influential Muslim teachers and tribal chiefs among the Daza.
* Ask the Lord to establish a strong local church among the Daza of Niger.
* Pray for completion of Bible translation in this people group's primary language.

View Daza in all countries.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-01-28
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Country: Niger
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, West and Central
Persecution Rank:50 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Diffa region: N’guigmi department, east near Chadian border; Zinder region: Goure department.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Daza
People Name General: Daza
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 102484
Joshua Project People ID: 11518
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 87,000
Population all Countries: 579,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Kanuri-Saharan
People Name General: Daza
Ethnic Code: NAB61
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Dazaga
Language Code (ISO): dzg    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity0.00 %(Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions0.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam100.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant0.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Few evangelicals and few who claim to be Christians. Little, if any, history of Christianity.
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status:Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: 2006
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio RecordingsStory of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project ...
Film / VideoGod's Story Video
Film / VideoJesus Film: view in Dazaga
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse and Unleashed for the Unreached to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
Data Notes
Data Sources

Daza in Niger

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Kanuri-Saharan     Africa, West and Central    
      Daza Niger    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Daza in Niger          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Dazaga  
    All Religions                              

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