Introduction / History The Fulani have lighter skin, thinner lips, and straighter hair than other African groups living near them. This might indicate that they are of Caucasian origin. Centuries ago, the Fulani tribes migrated from northern Africa and the Middle East into Central and West Africa. Eventually some found their way further east to Sudan. Most of them are still nomadic shepherds who travel with their flocks in search of better grazing land.
Where are they located? The Fulani tribes are grouped and named according to their locations, occupations, and dialects. They are located in an almost horizontal strip across Africa from Senegal in the west to Sudan in the east. The Sahara Desert forms their northernmost boundary, while the threat of tsetse flies control their movement to the south.
What are their lives like? Fulani herders trade with neighboring tribes for millet, yams, and peanuts. Milk from their livestock is the main staple in their diet, and this distinguishes them from the tribes who do not milk their cattle. They also produce butter, which can be traded in the markets.
The Fulani nomads live in "wet season camps" while planting and harvesting. The pastures are lush and green, and the cattle graze freely. These camps consist of beehive-like huts made of woven twigs, leaves, and grass. During the dry seasons they camp in portable huts, moving the cattle or sheep to well-watered lands in the flood plains.
While the older men exercise the leadership of the tribes, it is the duty of the younger men to move the herds. Boys are responsible for helping their older brothers with the herds. Women usually milk the cattle and sell butter in the markets. Fulani women in Sudan wear brightly colored clothes and makeup even when working with livestock.
What are their beliefs? The Fulani are a proud people who teach their children to have tribal dignity. Fulani children are required to love their mothers and respect their elders. They are also taught to strictly hold on to important values such as generosity, honesty, and modesty.
In terms of spiritual beliefs, the Fulani are almost entirely Sunni Muslim with many animistic beliefs blended in.
What are their needs? The Fulani in Sudan need reliable sources of water for their livestock and for their families.
Prayer Points * There are gospel recordings available in their languages. Pray that Fulani people will have access to them, as well as Christian radio broadcasts.
* Pray that there will soon come a day when there will be skits and plays that teach the Fulani about the life of Christ and about Christ-like living.
* Pray for the Fulani to come in contact with Holy Spirit-led believers in Sudan and South Sudan.
* Pray for the Holy Spirit to do a new work among Fulani leaders that will open doors for a movement to Christ.
* Pray for faithful teams to regularly pray for the Fulani people.