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Rukai, Tsalisen in Taiwan

Rukai, Tsalisen

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Rukai, Tsalisen in Taiwan map
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
13,000 Rukai Christianity 78.00 % 10.00 % No No   

Rukai, Tsalisen in Taiwan

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Introduction / History
The Rukai are an Austronesian minority of rural southern Taiwan. Traditionally, the Rukai were a hunting and farming society. Since the 1950s the Rukai have increasingly integrated into Taiwan society. Migration of Rukai to the cities of Taiwan mirrors the Taiwan business cycle. When there is an economic downturn, Rukai return to their homeland area to farm. Since Taiwan's admission to the WTO in 2002, farming is no longer a viable option.

The Rukai were first evangelized by Taiwanese pastors in the 1950s and 1960s. At present there are roughly 25 churches in Rukai villages and more than 80% of Rukai claim affiliation with a church. The Rukai New Testament translation began in 1988 under the auspices of the Bible Society of the ROC (Taiwan) and the Presbyterian Church in Taiwan. The New Testament was published in 2001 and is in use in 3 of the 6 Rukai dialect areas. The 3 dialects spoken in Maolin Township, Kaohsiung County are significantly divergent from the translation's target dialect for the translation. Maolin Township Rukai do not use the translated New Testament, but except for a few elderly individuals township residents are proficient enough in Mandarin to benefit from an existing Chinese translation of the Scriptures. It is likely that most Rukai outside of Maolin Township also possess sufficient proficiency in Mandarin to benefit from the Chinese Bible.

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Country: Taiwan
Continent: Asia
Region: Asia, Northeast
10/40 Window: Yes
Location in Country:Pingtung and Taitung counties: west of Taitung city, 13 or 14 villages in south central mountains.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Rukai, Tsalisen
People Name General: Rukai
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 102730
Joshua Project People ID: 11619
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 13,000
Population all Countries: 13,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Taiwan Indigenous
People Name General: Rukai
Ethnic Code: AUG01a
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Rukai
Language Code (ISO): dru    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Sub-division:Independent
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity78.00 %(Evangelical: 10.00 %)
Ethnic Religions22.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam0.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican0.00 %
Independent45.00 %
Protestant35.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic20.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have a modest presence.
Least-Reached: No
GSEC Status:Level 6   Greater than or equal to 10% Evangelical
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Yes
New Testament:
Complete Bible: 2017
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
 World Bible Finder
 World Christian Resource Directory
 Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Text / Printed MatterBible: Ngudradrekai - Rukai
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Rukai, Tsalisen in Taiwan

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Taiwan Indigenous     Asia, Northeast    
      Rukai Taiwan    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Rukai, Tsalisen in Taiwan          
      Religion Language  
      Christianity     Rukai  
    All Religions                              

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