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Rufiji in Tanzania


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Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
540,000 Rufiji Islam 9.00 % 1.50 % No No   

Rufiji in Tanzania

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Introduction / History
The Rufiji people group live along the banks of the Rufiji River in Tanzania. Their homeland is largely rural but the heaviest population is clustered around a number of towns on the Dar es Salaam – Lindi main road.

The majority of the Rufiji are subsistence farmers. Many have farms some distance from their family homes in order to take advantage of occasionally flooded alluvial soils. This creates family separation for up to four months as the crops are sown and harvested. The primary crops grown are cassava, maize, rice, millet, sesame, coconut and cashew nuts.

Mangoes, oranges, pineapples, papaya and jackfruit are a major part of their diet. Some individuals are involved in fishing with others making and selling furniture while several are engaged in small-scale commercial ventures.

Each village has at least one primary school with standard grades 1 to 7. Regional secondary schools are available with a post-primary polytechnic school located in Ikwirri. Health services are provided at clinics located within 3 to 5 miles of the majroity of the people.

The Rufiji houses are simple. Some are constructed with walls made from mud and wooden poles and thatched or corrugated roofs. Others, primarily in towns, are conventional homes built with concrete blocks. In the fertile and often flooded valleys along the Rufiji, traditional shelters on stilts are built to deal with the floodwaters.

What are their beliefs?
The villagers are exclusively Islamic with their lives revolving around the mosque and imam. Sometimes the imam will also serve as the elected village chairman. However, teachers in the primary schools and the dispensaries' staff are primarily non-Rufiji with several Christians among them.

The towns on the main road have several churches, but most of their members are outsiders from other parts of Tanzania.

Prayer Points
* Ask the Lord to lay a burden on the hearts of individuals, local churches, national church organizations and mission groups for the off-the-main-road Muslim Rufiji. May this recognition of spiritual need result in on-site research for the purpose of developing relational bridges and identifying felt needs through which the gospel can be presented.
* Believe the Lord to touch the hearts of Christian school teachers, dispensary workers and government personnel living among the Rufiji to recognize that they are strategically placed by God to be cross cultural missionaries. May they catch a vision of demonstrating the love of God and providing a living witness to those among whom they live. May their efforts result in conversions, discipleship and house churches.
* Pray for translation of the Bible to begin in this people group's primary language.
* Pray for the availability of the Jesus Film in the primary language of this people.

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Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-01-17
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Country: Tanzania
Continent: Africa
Region: Africa, East and Southern
10/40 Window: No
Location in Country:Pwani region: Rufiji district; Lindi region; central coast, south of Ndengereko [ndg], north of Mwera [mwe] language areas.
(Source: Ethnologue 2016)
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Country Map:Political map
Linguistic Map:Ethnologue language map
  Peoples [3]
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People Name in Country: Rufiji
People Name General: Rufiji
Alternate People Names:
ROP3 Code: 108434
Joshua Project People ID: 14588
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 540,000
Population all Countries: 540,000
Least-Reached: No
Affinity Bloc: Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster: Bantu, Central-Tanzania
People Name General: Rufiji
Ethnic Code: NAB57o
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
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Primary Language: Rufiji (540,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): rui    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religions:
Buddhism0.00 % 
Christianity9.00 %(Evangelical: 1.50 %)
Ethnic Religions1.00 % 
Hinduism0.00 % 
Islam90.00 % 
Non-Religious0.00 % 
Other / Small0.00 % 
Unknown0.00 % 
Christianity Segments:
Anglican15.00 %
Independent0.00 %
Protestant20.00 %
Orthodox0.00 %
Other Christian0.00 %
Roman Catholic65.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [5]
Progress Scale[6]   Evangelicals have only a very small representation among all who claim to be Christians.
Least-Reached: No
Bible Translation Status
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Bible Portions: Help start a Bible Translation
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported
Ministry Resources [7]
Audio RecordingsMegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio RecordingsAudio Bible teaching (GRN)
Ministry Activity
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Data Notes
Data Sources

Rufiji in Tanzania

Global                 Global
  Affinity Bloc             Global  
People Cluster
    Bantu, Central-Tanzania     Africa, East and Southern    
      Rufiji Tanzania    
            People-by-Country (Profile)          
            Rufiji in Tanzania          
      Religion Language  
      Islam     Rufiji  
    All Religions                              

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